Brandenburg Gate

By: Andrew Seibert

Creation of the gate

The Brandenburg Gate was built between 1788-1791 by the Prussian architects Carl Gotthard Langhans and Johann Gottfried Schadow. The King at the time was King Frederick William II. The type of the structure is a mix of classical architecture and neoclassical architecture. There is a statue that was placed on top that is called the "Quadriga", it represents a statue of the Roman goddess of victory in a chariot being pulled by four horses.

Napoleons thievery

Napoleon and his grand army took over Berlin in 1806, in what was formerly known as Prussia. Napoleon wanted to the send the "Quadriga" to Paris and it was quickly taken apart and sent there. The "Quadriga" was long forgotten in storage until the Prussians took over Paris in 1814. Then it was sent back to Prussia and an iron cross was added to show the defeat of France.

Nazi ruling

Nazi ruling

Adolf Hitler in January 30, 1933 took over Germany he became the new chancellor. A parade was held where Nazi stormtroopers and SS soldiers cheered as Adolf was taken through the gate to the Presidential Palace for the Jewish community it meant defeat and for those that supported the Nazi party victory . The gate was heavily damaged during the bombing from the Allied forces during the war, fortunately the gate and the "Quadriga" survived.

Kennedy's speech

Two years after the wall was built John F. Kennedy gave one of the most famous speeches of his presidency to over a crowd of 120,000 West German civilians. His most famous speech which included in German his famous line "Ich bin ein Berliner" which in English means "I am a Berliner" that showed that America is behind West Germany.

Ronald Reagan's famous line

President Ronald Reagan in 1987 asked Soviet leader Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall while standing in front of the gate. This line from his speech was controversial because people in his administration thought it would cause embarrassment to Gorbachev, who was friendly with Reagan.