Bill Of Rights

Andrew Nguyen, U.S. History

Bill Of Rights

The First Amendment: Freedom of Speech, Press and Religion

This law allows U.S. citizens to say what they want, believe what they want, and allows them to complain and the Government can't stop you.

Court Case 1:Texas vs Johnson

In 1989 Johnson burned a flag its was determined as protected political speech even if it is offensive. Court has decided for hate groups between speech that expresses idea and opinions and speech that threatens a person or group.

The Second Amendment: The Rights to Bear Arms

Citizen have the right to carry guns for their safety and it could not be taken away. Sometimes citizens have to serve the country in the army.

Court Case 2:Bliss vs Commonwealth

In 1882 there was the first major case of the rights to bear arms amendment. A man got fined 100 dollars for carrying a concealed sword in a cane. The supreme court agreed with him.

The Third Amendment: Rights to privacy in home

Soldiers cannot demand to stay in a citizens home without the owners permission unless by law. During the time of war or any circumstance.

Court Case: Nevada man

In this recent a case a homeowner filed a law suit against a police officer that forcibly entered his house to gain a tactical advantage on a domestic violence case. It was overturned since one officer isn't considered a soldier.

The Fourth Amendment: Unreasonable Search and Seizure

The police can't barge into citizens house to search or take things. In order to go search a house they would need a warrant from a judge and they have to tell what they want.

Court Case 4: mapps vs Ohio

In 1957 police demanded to search mapps house to find a suspect in a bombing case. They didnt a warrant and left. They came back waving a piece of paper and barging in nobody was found

The Fifth Amendment: Double-Jeopardy, Self Incrimination, and Due Process of Law

A person that has committed any capital crime can only be charged once and the Grand Jury has to decided if there is enough evidence. If the Government takes away anything that belongs to you they have to pay for it.

Court Case 5: Baltimore vs Barron

In 1833 a court said that a city of Baltimore did not have to pay for damages done to private property during construction. Basis was Bill Of Rights did not extend to states.

The Sixth Amendment: The Rights of Accused in Criminal Cases

If a citizen is charged with a crime their trial should happen as soon as possible and the trail must be public. The Government has to tell why the criminal got convicted and citizens are entitled to a lawyer.

Court Case 6:Barker vs Wingo

In 1972 Barkers rights was not violated as said by the Supreme Court. He said that he did not get a speedy trial. They said he did not demand his rights after several years and his time could not be counted as speedy.

The Seventh Amendment: The Right to a Jury Trial

People can only get a jury trial for civil cases involving lots of money. After the case has been settle there is no going to another courthouse.

Court Case 7:Katz vs U.S.

A petitioner is charged for conducting illegal gambling operations across state lines. They tapped a phone booth to get evidence. They only mentioned stuff involving gambling

The Eighth Amendment: Preventing Cruel and Unusual

The punishment that the judges gives the criminal should fit their crime. The Government punish citizens with cruel or unusual ways.

Court Case 8:Robinson vs California

In 1962 the Supreme Court ruled that a 90 day imprisonment for a misdemeanor was cruel and unusual punishment.The Court said imprisonment of someone that is ill is not right.

The Ninth Amendment: Rights Retained by the People

The Government cant take away ANY rights from American citizens no matter listed or not.

Court Case 9:Roe vs Wade

In the 1960s abortion was illegal, two lawyers wanted to over turn the law, they had to turn to a lady that is pregnant and wants a abortion. The case became known as Jane roe

The Tenth Amendment: Limiting Federal Power

The States can do what they want as long as they don't break rules of constitution or the Government says they cant.

Court Case 10:Hammer vs Dagenhart

One of the most influential cases for the tenth amendment this case was about child labor.The government stayed out of the child labor.The child labor act of 1916 prohibited the interstate shipment of product made by businesses that were to young.