RENAISSANCE

Scientific Revolution

Bayron Oyarzun

Prince negaafellaga - introduction (feat.starcrimes,a-million) by Bayron Oyarzun

What was the change?

The Scientific Revolution brought many advancements to both technology, as well as science itself. One of the main advancements is the introduction of new scientific Ideas. These ideas questioned the universe and some of physics. For Example: Scientists discovered many new ideas about the orbitation of the planets , this idea/theory would later replace the church's own geocentric theory, and would be known as the heliocentric theory, meaning the sun in the center. Another prime example is the laws of motion which were introduced by Sir Isaac Newton. The main law is the Law of Universal Gravitation which states: every object in the universe attracts with other objects. He also introduced the concept of gravity in which an "outside" force acts upon all objects in the universe.


Who was associated with the change?

During the era of the scientific revolution, many new ideas were introduced by the many scientists of the Renaissance. These scientists included Nicolaus Copernicus, Johannes Kepler, Galileo Galiei and Sir Isaac Newton. Copernicus was a polish astronomer who was studying the geocentric model. He found that the model didn't explain the planets' motions so he proposed the heliocentric model. Johannes Kepler elaborated on the heliocentric theory; his observations later proved it to be true. He also came up with the three laws of planetary motion, one stated that the planets moved in elliptical orbits, while another stated that the planets moved faster as they came closer to the sun. Galileo Galiei was an Italian math professor who set out to prove Aristotle's theories wrong. He also used the telescope to study sunspots, the moon's surface and the moons of Jupiter, which the church heavily disagreed upon. They told him to stop his research, yet he refused. The Church put him under house arrest and threatened to torture him unless he confessed saying the model was untrue. He later died during his house arrest. Finally, Sir Isaac Newton was a scientist who studied the concept of Gravity; he came up with the Law of Universal Gravitation. He also proposed the idea that the Universe is like a giant clock. And he believed God to be the Clockmaker.

How did the change impact Society?

The scientific revolution introduced several new ideas, many of which went against the teachings of the church. One main example of this would be the Scientists' Heliocentric theory vs the Church's Geocentric theory. The church enforced the geocentric theory, saying that the Earth is much too important not to be in the middle. After careful research of the stars and planets from the Medieval Scientists, they came to the commons census that it was wrong. This angered the church severely, leading them to often torture scientists and put them on house arrest, as they did with Galileo. Along with the introduction of these new ideas, the Church lost power, as many people thought that they could finally think for themselves, without any help from the church.


How is that change evidenced in modern society?

Most of the ideas that were introduced during that era have stuck, as we still use them to this day, Such as Newton's Laws of Motion and the Heliocentric Model. Along with this, the Scientific Revolution started the basis of modern things such as cars, computers and all recent inventions. It also caused industrialization and lead the world into creating Modern Medicine, as well as the main cause for religions such as Atheism that question the power as well as the knowledge of the church.

Astronomy Joke

Q: How many astronomers does it take to change a light bulb?

1). Ten! One to change the bulb, and nine to argue how their own bulb gives better colour.

2). None! Astronomers aren't afraid of the dark.