Early Textile Factory in England

By William Orrantia, Rayce Berry, & Collin Jacques

Definition

The Industrial Revolution on all its aspects led to the Textile Industries in Great Britain. Textile Factories turned raw cotton into textile more faster and cheaper, in massive scale. The Textile Factories allowed people to afford more clothes, and it was a spark to the future of manufactoring.

Causes

  • The Industrial Revolution gave life to the Textile Factories in England
  • Innovation of new technologies to turn cotton into textile in the Industrial Revolution, faster and cheaper.
  • The high demand for cloth led to opening more factories.
  • Before the Industrial revolution, textiles were hand made by individuals, explaining the high demand.
  • Cheap Agricultural labor led to unemployment and rising poverty in rural areas. As a result, these people moved to cities to work in factories.

Characteristics

  • Working in these factories wasn’t very safe. Many cases where children or other workers had reportedly lost fingers and sometimes even limbs. Not only did these workers have to worry about that, that also had to watch out for brown lung disease caused by the narrowing of the airways due to the inhalation of cotton fibers.
  • The first Textile Mills were dependent on pure horse power, but the very large mills were run by water.
  • Most of all the workers were either Women, or Children.
  • Between 1450 and 1800, textile production was second only to agriculture in economic importance.
  • The Textile factories employed more people and produced more profit than any other product.

Significance

Textiles were originally hand produced in small cottages or homes by workers. The process was very slow and required a lot of hard work. The slow and difficult process of making textiles and dramatic change in transportation throughout the nation are sources that encouraged the use of factories. Fabric production soon happened with machines powered by water wheels and steam engines. Production shifted from small cottage based production to mass production based on assembly line organisation. Because of this change it became much easier to manufacture textiles and lead to future advancements on clothing productions.

Sources