Canada

Maple Land

Environmental Issues of Canada

The environmental issues of Canada are hurting their very own ecosystem. Acid rain, Great Lakes pollution, mining and extraction(in the Canadian Shield,) and the timber industry are all hurting the environment. How?

First off, acid rain is caused by fuel burning from factories. The high levels of acid rain have killed many animals and plants living near the factories. The acid rain pollutes the Great Lakes. the acid rain in the clouds winds onto the lakes, killing and polluting the rivers. The government has done somethings to help this problem.

  • they have built factories that don't pollute the air.
  • laws that limit car pollution
  • encouragement to walk or ride bikes
Next, we have the over use and extraction from the Canadian Shield. This is a huge problem because mining in the Shield is important to the Canadian Economy. Over 1.5 million people make their living in mining. The Shield has valuable minerals and have produced over 85% of Canada's iron ore. When people mine, it releases harmful chemicals into the air. Also, using heavy machinery causes land near the mines to be damaged or ruined. The government has done this to help the problem.
  • reduce the amount of mining in the Shield
  • reduce exports and focus on manufacturing
Lastly, we have the Timber Industry. Canada, with half of its land covered in forests, is a leading producer of timber products. These include:
  • lumber
  • plywood
  • paper
  • wood pulp
Concern by the citizens say that this industry is destroying the forests. most timber companies clear cut, leaving large gaps in forests. It also causes erosion, destroys habitats, and water quality. Fortunately, the government has helped-
  • plant millions of saplings
  • billions of dollars are spent on protecting the forests
  • $100 million is used to protect wildlife and habitats.
Canada has been polluted. Together, we can bring change.

The Canadian Government

The government of Canada is a precarious thing. While it is a Constitutional Monarchy, it is also a Parliamentary Democracy and a Federation!
  • constitutional monarchy-there is a monarch, but limited power because of the constitution.
  • parliamentary democracy-where the legislative branch elects the cabinet who elects the leader.
  • federation-where power is equally distributed between the national government and the provinces/territories
In the Canadian government, there is a head of state(the monarch of England.) Since the head of state isn't there, the governor-general stands in for the monarch. The Prime Minister, who has the most political power, works closely with the Legislative Branch.


  • governor-general is chosen by the monarch for a 5 year term.
  • prime minister is chosen indirectly by the people(who vote on representatives to vote for them.)
Citizens can vote once they reach 18 years old, but voting is not required by the law. citizens vote for members in the House of Commons, who elects the Prime Minister.
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Canada's History

The Canadian culture is heavily influenced by the English and the French. Why so? This is because the French and the English were the first to colonize it. It all started in 1497, when John Cabot, an English man, discovered some of it. He named it Newfoundland. Later in 1534, Jacques Cartier, a French man, explored the St. Lawrence River and claimed the surrounding area. In 1608, Samuel de Champlain founded New France. Soon, New France was full of fur traders, farmers, missionaries, and merchants from the Catholic church. They would not allow entry to New France if you were not Catholic. This went back and forth, until Britain and France fought for total control over Canada. Britain won, and claimed Canada. Still, they allowed one part of Canada to remain French(culture, language, traditions.) Later in 1812, together they fought the U.S. for control over Canada again. The war ended and was colonized to Britain in full(except for Quebec.)
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