The Cold War

Shaw 2 By: Regina Duer

About the Cold War

What is the Cold War?

The Cold war was the struggle for power between the United States and the Soviet Union from the end of World War II through the 1980. Or in other words, the Cold War was the conflict between the Soviet Union and the United States.

More background info...

The Soviet Union tried to spread communism to other nations. The U.S. trued to top that spread. If a side would seem to gain control, the other side would respond with new and improved programs. The competition came to the two nations trying to get to the moon.

The Competition

In 1957, the Soviet Union launched the first space satellite called Sputnik. This shocked the U.S. The nation was afraid of falling behind the Soviets.

In 1958, Congress passed the National Defense Education Act (NDEA) which meant that schools would be given more funds to teach science and mathematics. Texas was one of many states to contribute from these funds.

After the launch of Sputnik, John Kennedy founded NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration). One of the main goals was to be able to put people on space.

4 years after Sputnik, the Soviet Union launched a human into space. Later that year, the United States launched astronaut Alan Shepard into space. President John Kennedy, announced that his goal was to put a person on the moon by the end of the decade.

On the moon

In 1963, NASA in houston was a home and training base for the astronauts.

Walter Cunningham piloted the module on Apollo 7. This flight was supposed to be the way for the moon landing.

July 20, 1969, NASA reached its goal. Astronaut Neil Armstrong stepped from the space vehicle onto the moon.

Later NASA returned to the moon and Alan L. Bean became the 4th person to walk on the moon.

First Moon Landing 1969