Bill Of Rights Project

Marissa Jordan

First Amendment

Freedom Of Speech: Morse v. Frederick (2007)

Joseph Frederick was a senior in High School at Juneau-Douglas High School. Frederick had made a banner saying ¨Bong Hits 4 Jesus.¨ The principle of the high school had asked the student to put the banner away as she thought it may be encouraging illegal drug use. Frederick was suspended for 10 days for thoughts of encouraging illegal drug uses. The end result was said that it was in ruling of Morse because Frederick´s was not protected under the rights of freedom of speech.

"Facts and Case Summary - Morse v. Frederick." United States Courts. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2015.

"Deconstruction Site." Deconstruction Site. N.p., 13 Sept. 2007. Web. 12 Nov. 2015.

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Freedom Of Press: Tory v. Cochran (2005)

Cochran sued Troy who was a former client of Cochran, for making dishonest and defaming statements about Troy. A judge had order Cochran to talk about the issue with Troy once more and he argued therefore neither himself nor the courts got very far in the case. Then Troy appealed unsuccessfully in a state court arguing the facts that were put against him, The courts decided to hold the court case, but one week after the argument cochran died. The courts ruled yes that it was a violation of the first amendment rights.

"{{meta.fullTitle}}." Tory v. Cochran. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2015.

"Appeals, Writs & Amicus Briefs." BostonWickLaw. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2015.

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Freedom Of Religion: Holt V. Hobbs (2014)

This case was about the ban on having a long beard in a prison setting. This prison is located in Arkansas, Holt was arrested for burglary of a local Hobby Lobby and he was told that his beard was too long to have in a prison. Holt had written a letter explaining the rights he felt he had in the prison.

Liptak, Adam. "Ban on Prison Beards Violates Muslim Rights, Supreme Court Says." The New York Times. The New York Times, 20 Jan. 2015. Web. 11 Nov. 2015.

N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2015.

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Freedom To Assemble Edwards V. South Carolina

A group of 167 people most African American women started a protesting group that was protesting against the policies that were put in place for segregation. This was a peaceful and well mannered protest it was not bothering or blocking other people or vehicles. A group of about 30 police officers had come up to the protester and ordered them to shut the protest down, if they did not they would be arrested. The group did not obey so they were arrested and convicted for breach of the peace. They court ruled for the protesters as it was indeed a violation of the 1st Amendment rights.

"Edwards v. South Carolina." N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2015.

Cook, Dan. "Learning Our Story." Free Times. N.p., 3 Apr. 2013. Web. 11 Nov. 2015.



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2nd Amendment The Right To Bear - McDonald V. Chicago

There were many cases put on against the gun laws in Illinois. The courts ruled in inactive under the authority of Federal Government. The district courts dismissed this case due to ruling being inactive.

"{{meta.fullTitle}}." {{meta.fullTitle}}. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2015.



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4th Amendment: No Illegal Searches and Seizures

In Tecumseh Oklahoma there was some suspicion that there was drug activity around the school (all Schools). All of the students in each school were required to take a urinalysis testing for drugs. These tests had to happen in order for the students to play sports or do any extracurricular activities. Two different sets of parents along with their children argued that this action was a violation of their 4th Amendment rights. The result to this case was ruled constitutional because there was specific evidence leading to the case.

"{{meta.fullTitle}}." {{meta.fullTitle}}. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2015.

"Student Drug Testing Information." Student Drug Testing Information. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2015.



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8th Amendment No Cruel Or Unusual Punishment: Roper v. Simmons (2005)

Simmons was sentenced to the death penalty (1993). There were many appeals to this case then in 2002 they appealed again and this time it was all rejected. He was sentenced to the death penalty but law states that this would be in violation to the 8th and 14th amendments and ruled unconstitutional. The courts were all in agreement that death was unconstitutional along with cruel and unusual punishments and is prohibited by the 8th amendment.

"Roper v. Simmons." Www.Oyez.org. N.p., 2004. Web. 12 Nov. 2015.

"World News." World News. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2015.



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Fifth Amendment: New London v. Kelo (2005)

New London seized the property building of selling property developers. The city said that this property would create more job opportunities for people in need of a job. Kelo Suzette and many others whose properties were seized sued New London in a state court. The end ruling was decided that this was not a violation of the Fifth Amendment and this case was closed.

"{{meta.fullTitle}}." {{meta.fullTitle}}. N.p., 2004. Web. 12 Nov. 2015.

"Kelo V. City of New London." Prezi. N.p., 12 Nov. 2015. Web.



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