Run from Runoff

By: Kayla Stone

What is runoff

"According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), nonpoint source (NPS) pollution is pollution that comes from many diffuse sources, unlike pollution from point sources such as industrial and sewage treatment plants. “Polluted runoff is created by rainfall or snowmelt moving over and through the ground. As the runoff moves, it picks up and carries away natural and human-made pollutants, finally depositing them into watersheds via lakes, rivers, wetlands, coastal waters, and even our underground sources of drinking water.” And this is a great start because people need to know about runoff because it is a very dangerous thing to our health. So everyone needs to know how it affects us and how it can help us.

Ways to prevent runoff

"Drink safe water. Although schistosomiasis is not transmitted by swallowing contaminated water, if your mouth or lips come in contact with water containing the parasites, you could become infected. Because water coming directly from canals, lakes, rivers, streams, or springs may be contaminated with a variety of infectious organisms, you should either bring your water to a rolling boil for 1 minute or filter water before drinking it. Bring your water to a rolling boil for at least 1 minute will kill any harmful parasites, bacteria, or viruses present. Iodine treatment alone WILL NOT GUARANTEE that water is safe and free of all parasites." This relates to runoff because it shows that it can cause diseases and it can really hurt people. So any thing that can cause runoff can really hurt someone so everyone needs to know what they are drinking and where it is coming from.

Global issue

"The Global Runoff Data Base (GRDB) is built on an initial dataset collected in the early 1980s from the responses to a WMO request to its member countries to provide a global hydrological data set to complement a specific set of atmospheric data in the framework of the First Global GARP Experiment (FGGE). The initial dataset of monthly river discharge data over a period of several years around 1980 was supplemented with theUNESCO monthly river discharge data collection 1965-85. Today the database comprises discharge data of more than 9,000 gauging stations from all over the world. Since 1993 the total number of station-years has increased by a factor of around 10." This relates to runoff because it proves how runoff affects the globe. And it shows how it came together and what causes more affects to the world.
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How would runoff be bad for someone

"Over 15 million U.S. households rely on private, household wells for drinking water.If polluted ground water is consumed, it could cause illness. Ground water pollution can be caused by seepage through landfills, failed septic tanks, underground fuel tanks, fertilizers and pesticides, and runoff from urban areas.It is important that private ground water wells are checked regularly to ensure that the water is safe for drinking.Typically, private water systems that serve no more than 25 people at least 60 days of the year and have no more than 15 service connections are not regulated by the EPA." This relates to runoff because private wells can get chemicals and other pesticides in their water. Because anything that is in the ground that can get into the water can be a bad thing.

How I can help with runoff

Oil, grease, metals and coolants from vehicles;Fertilizers, pesticides and other chemicals from gardens and homes;Bacteria from pet wastes and failing septic systems;Soil from construction sites and other bare ground;Soaps from car or equipment washing; and Accidental spills, leaky storage containers, tobacco spit and whatever else ends up on the ground." I can help with trying and fixing the problem that the world has to try and prevent runoff.
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Positive way of runoff

"People have a strong emotional attachment to water, arising from its aesthetic qualities--tranquility, coolness, and beauty. As a result, most waterbodies within developments can be used as marketing tools to set the tone for entire projects (Tourbier and Westmacott, 1992). A recent study conducted by the National Association of Home Builders indicates that "whether a beach, pond, or stream, the proximity to water raises the value of a home by up to 28 percent." A 1991 American Housing Survey conducted by the Department of Housing and Urban Development and the Department of Commerce also concurs that "when all else is equal, the price of a home located within 300 feet from a body of water increases by up to 27.8 percent" (NAHB, 1993). Dick Dillingham, President of the National Association of Realtors' Residential Sales Council, declares, "Water makes a difference . . . there is such a very small supply of properties that can claim a water location and it is something you cannot add" (Lehman, 1994). The reason it is positive is because it keeps us more aware of our surroundings. And it also helps with money when you want to sell your house because you have runoff in your water. But runoff I think is still bad thing because if they don't know if they have runoff in their water they could get very sick.

Negative ways of runoff

"Fossil fuel power plants produce environmental problems including land and water use, air emissions, thermal releases, climatic and visual impacts from cooling towers, solid waste disposal, ash disposal (for coal), and noise. Due to the need for large amounts of steam, plants can have a great effect on water use. For example, a typical 500 MW coal fired power plant uses 25 x 109 l/GW-year of water, which must be taken from a water source, and then cooled to return to the water source with as little environmental effect as possible. The biggest effect fossil fuel plants have overall is the emission of air pollutants, particularly SOX, NOX , CO, CO2 , and hydrocarbons. Carbon monoxide, CO, carbon dioxide, CO2, and the hydrocarbons are the "greenhouse gases," believed to be responsible for global warming. SOX and NOX produce acid when released into the atmosphere, leading to the production of acid rain. Table 2.6 list approximate amounts of airborne pollutants produced. Generally, air emissions are controlled by the use of scrubbers and precipitators located at the plant." This relates to negative ways because it shows what the runoff can do to other living things besides humans and how it makes a town look like a piece of trash because they have runoff. Or no one shows up for school because they are sick because of runoff.

Sorces

"Economic Benefits Of Runoff Controls." Economic Benefits Of Runoff Controls. N.p., 18 Oct. 2012. Web. 21 Apr. 2015.

"Environmental Impact." Environmental Impact. N.p., 5 July 2009. Web. 21 Apr. 2015.

"Giardia and Drinking Water." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 24 May 2012. Web. 21 Apr. 2015.

"Navigation and Service." BfG. Global Runoff Database, 15 Aug. 2013. Web. 21 Apr. 2015.

"Prevention & Control." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 07 Nov. 2012. Web. 19 Apr. 2015.

"Private Wells for Homes." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 16 Dec. 2014. Web. 13 Apr. 2015.

"Stormwater Services." Stormwater Runoff Pollution and How to Reduce It. N.p., 30 Feb. 2014. Web. 21 Apr. 2015.

"Water Contamination." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 10 Mar. 2010. Web. 13 Apr. 2015.