Canada and Germany in 2065

By: Darjot Brar

Demography (Canada 2015 and 2065)


- Birth Rate: 11/1000 population

- Death Rate: 8/1000 population

- Natural Increase Rate: 0.4%

- Life Expectancy: 81 years

- Median Age: 40 years

- Population Density: 4p/km2

- Fertility Rate: 1.66

- Immigration Rate: 7.14


- Birth Rate: 13/1000 population

- Death Rate: 6/1000 population

- Natural Increase Rate: 0.6%

- Life Expectancy: 85 years

- Median Age: 45 years

- Population Density: 16p/km2

- Fertility Rate: 1.80

- Immigration Rate: 8.0

Demography (Germany 2015 and 2065)


- Birth Rate: 10/1000 population

- Death Rate: 11/1000 population

- Natural Increase Rate: -0.2%

- Life Expectancy: 81 years

- Median Age: 46 years

- Population Density: 231p/km2

- Fertility Rate: 1.42

- Immigration Rate: 6.7


- Birth Rate: 6/1000 population

- Death Rate: 15/1000 population

- Natural Increase Rate: -1%

- Life Expectancy: 90 years

- Median Age: 52 years

- Population Density: 190p/km2

- Fertility Rate: 1.72

- Immigration Rate: 5.5

Pull and Push Factors (Canada)

Pull Factors:

- High Standard of Living

- High Standard of Education

- Job Opportunities

- Free Health Care (Paid for by the Government)

- Multicultural

- No language/religious Barrier

- Free Education (Up to High School)

- Welfare for Low Income Families

- Personal and Business Safety

Push Factors:

- High Taxes

- Most Jobs Require Canadian Education

- Weather

- Over-populated Cities

- Environmental Issues

Pull and Push Factors (Germany)

Pull Factors:

- Political Security

- Better Health Care for Aging Population

- More Attractive Climate

Push Factors:

- Higher Crime Rates

- Crop Failure

- Drought

- Flooding

- Poverty

- War

- Unemployment

- lack of services or amenities

Germany's Demographic Challenge

So How Will Immigration Change? (Both Countries)

In Canada, Immigration will increase in the coming decades because of the many pull factors. The most important ones are that Canada's economy is likely to stay stable, health care will not only remain so suitable but, progress to higher levels, and multiculturalism to allow individuals/families to communicate easier.

In Germany, immigration will decrease in the coming decades because of the many push factors. The most crucial ones are high crime rates, drought, and unemployment.

Population Awareness

Germany is considered to be a developed country, but that does not mean that there aren't any issues to be solved. For Germany, in the coming decades their biggest concern will be the dwindling population. To control this issue, Germany can raise awareness by media, social events, and by making family, friends, neighbors, and government officials more aware.

Firstly, in most cases population awareness is for countries with an over increasing population. However, Germany needs to be aware that they need to increase population, but at a steadily increasing rate. So, by producing advertisements that focus on adopting children or becoming a foster parent for children outside of Germany would make a positive impact.

Secondly, having family, friends, neighbors, and government officials aware that for the future economy of Germany to sustain, they will have to think of growing family sizes. The government needs to focus on having health services that make sure that children actually live to survive for a long working age. The government also needs to increase employment and import better farmers that could have a positive impact on the land.

Lastly, social events with smaller groups helps make people understand and connect with the fact that raising the population is a big concern. They need to know that they want population to increase but at the rate of about 2-3 children per women so the fertility rate can climb.

In conclusion, developed countries sometimes have flaws too and for Germany it's their population. To increase population they will have to raise awareness by advertising, social events, and letting the country know what's going on to have a brighter future.