The American Revolution
Events That Took Place
Proclamation of 1763 - October 7, 1763
As a result of the French and Indian War, England took several actions that angered the American colonies and led to the American Revolution. One of those actions included The Proclamation of 1763. The Proclamation prohibited settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains, a region that was costly for the British to protect. Colonist believed The Proclamation of 1763 was made to keep them under control by making them stay along the Atlantic coast. The proclamation, in effect, closed off the frontier to colonial expansion.
Battles of Lexington and Concord - April 19, 1775
The Battles of Lexington and Concord began In April 1775 when troops from Britain were sent to take the weapons from colonists. When they arrived they were met by an army of angry, untrained colonists that were ready to fight. The colonists defeated the British soldiers, and this battle was beginning of the American Revolutionary War that lasted from 1775-1783. Before The battles of Lexington and Concord General Gage of Britain had a plan to get the British soldiers to go to Lexington were they would take the colonial leaders, John Hancock and Sam Adams, and then go to Concord to collect the gunpowder of the colonies. What General Gage didn't realize was that the colonists knew that they were going to attack by sea because of the hanging of the two lanterns from the North Church in Boston. Paul Revere and other riders rode around to notify the colonists and then they began on there way to stop the Redcoats.
Monday, March 5th 1770 at 2pm
Boston, MA, United States
The Boston Massacre took place on March 5, 1770. It started when British troops fired on anti-British demonstrates. War began when the "Minutemen" in Massachusetts fought a brief skirmish with British troops at Lexington and Concord. Three people were killed once the British troops opened fired on the anti- British demonstrates. Two of the people died later from their wounds. One of the people to die included Crispus Attucks. He was the first African American to die on American soil from an attack.
Boston Tea Party
Thursday, Dec. 16th 1773 at 7pm
Boston Harbor, Boston, MA, United States
The Boston Tea Party occurred on the night of December 16, 1773. It consisted of colonists, disguised as Native American, throwing British tea into the Boston Harbor in response to the Tea Act. The Tea Act was passed by Parliament on May 10, 1773. The act was created to help the East India Company financially because it was doing so well with selling the tea. None of the money made was given to help the colonist, and they were mad as to why they had to buy the tea when it wouldn't benefit them. The Parliament then decided to punish the colonists with Intolerable Acts which were a series of laws.
Battle of Saratoga - September 19, 1777 and October 7, 1777
The Battle of Saratoga was on September 19th and October 7th in the year of 1777. It was the turning of American Revolution. The Battle of Saratoga was important because it assured the French alliance with the Americans during the Revolutionary War. The French provided the Americans with army support and financial support. On September 19, led by Benedict Arnold and Horatio Gates, British General John Burgoyne accomplished a victory over the Americans. Burgoyne was happy about his win, and on October 7, he decided to attack the Americans again at Bemis Heights. It ended in defeat for Britain this time and they were forced to retreat. Ten days later General Burgoyne surrendered.
Battle of Yorktown
Friday, Sep. 28th 1781 at 4pm to Friday, Oct. 19th 1781 at 6pm
Yorktown, VA, United States
The Battle of Yorktown took place on September 28, 1781. George Washington was the general of an army of 17,000 Continental and French troops. They fought against British General Lord Charles Cornwallis and an army of 9,000 troops from Britain at Yorktown, Virginia. Washington surrounded Cornwallis at Yorktown with the combined forces of his troops. After three weeks the battle ended in defeat for the British when General Cornwallis surrendered on October 17, 1781 to Washington.
George Washington had a big role in leading politics and military during the Revolutionary War. As early as 1767 was when his involvement started. This was when he first politically stood up against the British Parliament's acts. George Washington became general in June of 1775 of the Continental Army fighting against the British in Boston when congress ordered him. Washington had little experienced of leading an army whatsoever, but he proved that he was able to and that he was a strong leader during the war for the American military forces.
Benjamin was one of the leading figures in early American history. Franklin served in the Second Continental Congress during the American Revolution. Franklin created the Albany Plan to coordinate colonial efforts during the French and Indian War. In 1776 he also helped draft the Declaration of Independence. The Treaty of Paris in 1783 that ended the Revolutionary War was negotiated by Franklin. Benjamin Franklin was also a delegate to the convention that created the U.S. Constitution.