Battle of Bull Run

By:Morgan Pass and Diandre' Richie

Battles of Bull Run

Sunday, July 21st 1861 at 7am

Prince William County, VA, United States

VA

The First Battle

On July 21, 1861 the Union and Confederates armies fought near Manassas Junction, Virgina this batttle was the first major land battle during the Civil War known as Bull Run.

As the battle started out 35,000 Union troops marched from the capital of Washington D.C

to strike the Confederate force of 20,000 near a small river known as Bull Run. After fighting on the defensive side for most if the batlle the Confederates rallied and broke through the Union's right flank sending them into a chaotic retreat back to D.C. Knowing that they had won the battle the South got a surge of confidence and shocked many in the North, but both had realized that this war would not be a short and easy win.

The Second Battle

The Second Battle of Bull Run was the deciding battle in the Civil war campain between Union and Confederate armies in northern Virginia in 1862. While a large Union force led by John Pope waited for MCclellan's Army of the Potomac in anticipation of a combined offensive, Confederate General Roberet E. Lee struck first. He sent half of his Army of Northern Viginia to hit the Federal supply base at Manasses. Led by Stonewall Jackson , hero of the First Battle of Bull Run (Manasses) 13 months earlier, the rebels seized supplies and burned the depot, then established hidden positions in the woods.On August 29, Pope's Federals clashed with Jackson's men, who held their ground with heavy losses on both sides. The following day, after the rest of Lee's army arrived, 28,000 rebels led by James Longstreet launched a counterattack, forcing Pope to withdraw his battered army toward Washington that night.

Cited

"First Battle of Bull Run." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2016.


"Second Battle of Bull Run." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2016.