Birth - 2 Years


The quality and intensity of emotional reactions.

Factors: Passivity, Irritability, activity patterns.

Passivity: Child is Active with their surroundings.

Example: Child withdraws from a new person.

Irritability: Ability to feel distressed.

Example: Some infants cry easily.

Activity patterns: The levels of movement.

Example: They hardly move in their sleep.


The strong emotional connection between people.

They mainly get attached to the caregivers.

Babies can depend on these people.

The attachment depends on the adults.

Several early attachments are shown by infants.

Babies will single certain people out.

When approached they might smile.

Separation anxiety is being apart from caregiver.

Starts showing during 9 months of age.

By 15 months its very strong.

Changes Over Time

Trust begins once you meet their needs.

As a caregiver actions will affect the children.

Birth - 3 Months

At birth they don't have refined emotions.

Child may smile or wiggle.

There are no tears when they cry.

3 - 6 Months

Baby reacts with smiling and laughing.

Tears begin to appear when crying.

Start to use different cries to signal.

6 - 12 Months

Actively involved with their caregivers.

Start to express happiness when cared for.

Start making noises to respond to people.

Will show anger when caregiver leaves.

May continue to cry after they leave.

12- 24 Months

They become upset for something in the future,

Begin to adventure around.

They like to play with other children

They are aware of their abilities.

Show them that rules must be followed.