Period 5 1848-1877

Anna Parramore 1/5/16

Bleeding Kansas

  • 1854-1861
  • a series of violent outbreaks between pro slavery and anti slavery protesters debating Kansas' status as a free or slave state
  • ultimately led to 5 deaths of men advocating for slavery and continued to push the U.S. closer to the outbreak of a civil war

Added Amendments to the Constitution

13th Amendment(1865)- abolished slavery in all states

14th Amendment(1868)- people born or naturalized in the U.S. are considered citizens and states have to give them, "equal protection of law" and "due process of law"

-former confederate leaders cannot hold federal government offices

- punish the state if they deny the right to vote of and eligible citizens

15th Amendment(1870)- a state could not deny a citizen the right to vote based on their race or color

Lincoln's 10% Plan

  • 1863
  • post civil war reconstruction plan
  • pardons granted to people who made a pledge of allegiance to the Union and accepted the emancipation of slaves
  • state government could be reestablished once 10% of voters took a loyalty oath
  • many republicans opposed Lincoln's plan, they thought it did not punish the secessionists enough and they would gain control

MIG-1 : After the war blacks moved around attempting to reunite with family and find new opportunity

POL-3 : Radical Republicans believed the leaders of the Confederacy should be punished, they disliked Lincoln's reconstruction plan because they feared it would give Southern Democrats an opportunity to gain power which would threaten the Union.

Freedman's Bureau

  • March 1865
  • early welfare system that gave freed blacks food, shelter, and medical attention
  • originally it resettled blacks into land confiscated from white
  • the purpose was to help integrate the blacks back into society
  • most successful for educating about 200,000 blacks
Andrew Johnson | 60-Second Presidents | PBS

Andrew Johnston

  • became president in 1865 after the death of Abraham Lincoln
  • reconstruction plan included freedom for slaves and apology from southern states
  • disliked by republicans
  • impeached after violating the tenure of office plan
  • was not removed from office
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