To Kill A Mockingbird Themes
A theme in this book is standing up for what you think is right even if you know you are going to lose. This is Atticus's definition of courage. He taught Jem and Scout the meaning of courage when he had them read to Mrs. Dubose. Atticus shows this sign of courage when he defends Tom Robinson. He knows that he's going to get charged guilty but is still going to try because its the right thing to do. He shows the most courage of anyone in the town.
The second theme in this book is don't hurt anything that doesn't bother you. This is an example of what Atticus told Jem and Scout about the mockingbird. They don't do anything but sing. That is why it's a sin to shoot one. This is just like what racism does. Just because they're a different color doesn't mean you can be mean or hurtful to them. They didn't do anything to you so you should be nice and leave them alone. The missionary tea ladies don't help the black people in their own town but want to help people in Africa. They are a bunch of hypocrites. They need to start at home.
These themes don't fully relate to each other but they both come from Atticus's teachings. They are both things everyone should take into consideration to be a good person. If you show courage then you shouldn't have to worry about hurting anyone or anything that doesn't bother you. As long as you stand up for what's right you'll be just fine.