By: Riley Phillips
Sunni and Shia Conflict
The historic background of the Sunni–Shia split lies in the schism that occurred when the islamic prophet muhammad died in the year 632, leading to a dispute over succession to muhammad as a caliph of the Islamic community spread across various parts of the world, which led to the battle of siffin. The dispute intensified greatly after thebattle of karbala , in which Hussein ibn ali and his household were killed by the ruling Umayyad Caliph, and the outcry for revenge divided the early Islamic community. Today, there are differences in religious practice, traditions, and customs, often related to jurisprudence. Although all Muslim groups consider the quran to be divine, Sunni and Shia have different opinions on hadith.Over the years, Sunni–Shia relations have been marked by both cooperation and conflict. Sectarian violence persists to this day from Pakistan to Yamen and is a major element of friction throughout the middle east. Tensions between communities have intensified during power struggles, such as the baharaini uprising, the Iraq war, and most recently the syrian civil war and the formation of the self-styled islamic state of iraq and the levant and its advancement on syria and Northern Iraq.