Canada in 2060

Future of Canada

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A Country of Change

Just like everything changes Canada will change too. In 64 years Canada will look and

work differently. There will be many things that will change for example technology,

schools, and you. Canada’s immigration will also change, it keeps changing from time to

time based on it’s economy. Demographic Trends will also differ from the ones that are

now. People will too change as the time, for example the aboriginals. There community and way of life will change. We can figure out what the future holds for us, by determining the patterns in the study of these topics.

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Current Canada

Firstly I’m going to discuss the current situation that Canada is in, including immigration, demographic patterns and how the aboriginals are. Canada is multicultural country meaning there are many people that originate from many different countries living here. Canada is so diverse because of immigration, many people want to come to Canada to change their lifestyle. Canada’s population is growing because of these immigrants, if barely any immigrants came then Canada population would have not increased a lot. Right now Canada is in stage 4, which means there isn’t a lot of births and deaths which causes the population to increase very slowly. Canada’s birth rate is 11/1000 and death rate is 7/1000. The aboriginals population is changing, it has increased now.

Demographic Trends

Right now Canada’s birth rate is 11 per 1000 and the death rate is 7 per 1000. In the

future these numbers will change. There will be lower births and lower deaths, but it isn't

going to drop by a lot. The rates in the future might look something like this, 9 per 1000

for births and 6 per 1000 for deaths.


As I already mentioned that Canada is in Stage 4, which means that the population isn’t growing very rapidly. Some causes for low birth rates and low death rates:

-Women are getting more educated meaning they are staying in school longer

- Getting married later on which causes for them not to have as many children because they get pregnant later

- for some families people don't have a lot of babies because it’s a big responsibility and it’s not cheap

- already busy with other things won’t be able to take care of child

- Medical care is much better

- People live longer – high life expectancy

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We can see from the population pyramid that most of the population is getting old. Those are the baby boomers.


In the future of Canada I think that Canada is going to enter stage 5 of the demographic transition model. There will be even fewer births and as well as deaths, but there isn’t going to be a very big change because how can you get less than one child, unless if you are planning to have no babies. But still not many couples would want to have no children. There won’t be many deaths also because the medical care will get better hence they live longer

Some of the baby boomers will live up to 2060, which means they will be about 120 years. You might be thinking that only 10 people from the whole population of baby boomers will live. But the truth is that half of them will live near to the year 2060. We know this because over the last few decades life expectancy got higher about 71%. Meaning we will have a big dependency load and not a lot of working people. But we will get help from the elderly in the working force because more and more of them are working for a longer period of time. Even if elderly keep working for a longer time they won't be able to do much because they have gotten old and weak.

Canada's demographic and geographic shift

Summary of Video

The video briefly tells us how Canada’s aging population can be a challenge. Since the

baby boomers from 1950, end of World War 2 are getting older and retiring they are

opening jobs, but no one is there to fill those jobs. This is a challenge in small towns as the video tells us because more and more elderly are leaving the big cities and living in the small towns. Most of these elderly are not going to work and the working aged people want to leave to go to the big cities where they can find people like themselves. There will be open jobs in these towns that nobody will want to fill in a few years. To fill these jobs they need to attract the working aged group of who are between the ages of 19 - 45 and/or 55 as Tom Peter said in the video. I agree that these job spots are going to be empty in a few years, to fill them we can give the immigrants these jobs. In order to do this we need to advertise these available jobs positions well. Surely people will come that need jobs, they will be happy that they got a job and while we will be happy that the jobs are filling up.


In the present Canada’s net migration rate is 5.66 and about 1,175,863 people

immigrant to Canada. In the future I think that the net migration rate might be about

10.24 because the world’s population will grow, some countries will have to much

population and some won’t have a lot. Canada will be in stage 5 by 2060 meaning the

population won’t grow very fast. So immigrants can come to Canada from China and

Indian since they are the 2 most populated countries. Right now Canada is getting most

of it’s immigrants from Asia and in the future it will be Asia too.

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Immigration is the reason why this country’s population is growing, without immigrants

the population would have not grown. Since the country is in stage 4 the natural

increase is low so it relies on immigrates to populate the country. If Canada wasn't a

diverse country that it is, its population wouldn't have been as much as it is today.

Canada gets many people to immigrant here because of pull factors and push factors.

First people decide if they want to live in their home country and how their lifestyle is.

Then if there decision is emigrate (push factor) they pinpoint a place where their lives are

going to better (pull factor).

Pull Factor - reasons for someone to be attracted to a new country

Push Factor - a reason for someone to leave their home country

In 2060 Canada’s immigration rates will change, as we can see the patterns from past

records. There aren't as many immigrants coming to Canada when the economy is low,

for example right now. At this point of time Canada is entering a recession which means

that the GDP had fallen and well the country isn't doing good. At this point some people

lose there jobs and companies don't make much profit, for example Canada’s oil

industries. Some prices for items go up and some go down.

During this time immigrants don't want to come because they know that if people that

already I've in Canada are losing their jobs, then they wouldn't get one either. Also since

prices are going up, immigrants won’t have enough money to live better then they

already are. But in the future Canada will be back up with a better economy so more immigrants can come and live.

We need immigrants to come to Canada who will work and earn money for Canada’s economy. We need these people because we will have a big dependency load especially the elderly, because of the baby boom. There isn't a big dependency load on babies and toddlers because there aren’t many births. We will need money to pay their pension and for health care. Hospitals will need new and better technology to better serve the elderly.


The Aboriginals population has increased over time from 2006 - 2011 by 20%. Mostly

this population consists of young Aboriginals. As we can see from the population

pyramid below most of their population is in the bottom, meaning they have a young

population. Unlike the whole Canada’s population is aging. Its seems as if there was a

baby boom these past couple of years, so now these kids might be around the age of

5 - 14 years old. A reason way it is a young population can be that aboriginal women are

not going to school for a long time. On the downside the numbers dropped when it

came to speaking their native language. It was that 21% of the First Nations could have

spoken their language but now it is only 17%. To get the numbers higher in the future

we have to have special classes where aboriginal kids can learn their aboriginal

language. If the kids and the parents agree to this we can bring their lost language, that

we disappeared by putting the aboriginal kids into residential schools.

In the future I think there will be a even bigger increase to the aboriginal population. It

may increase from 40% to 60% by 2060 from 2016. As time passes by I believe that

more and more aboriginals will start to learn their native language because they would

find it so important to know who they are. I mean they were the first people to rule this

land that we now call Canada.

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The population pyramid above show us the aboriginal’s population and we can compare

with the population and other Canadians. We can see that the aboriginal’s have a young

population. Where else the rest of Canada has an aging population.

Comparing Lifes

Harshminder Sidhu

Geography smore by Harshminder Sidhu