Nucleic Acids

By john and Richard


The name of the monomers for nucleic acids are nucleotides.

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Name of the Polymer


Examples of this Biomolecule

Deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA

Ribonucleic acid or RNA

The Functional Group

1 nitrogen base, a 5-carbon sugar and a phosphate group

Common functions of This Group

Nucleic Acids are Compounds that pass hereditary information from one generation to the next. DNA is the nucleic acid from which genes are made. They determine the phenotype of an organism.

How Does the Structure Allow for it's Function?

With DNA and RNA they have different codes ex. A, U, C etc. there functions are very different because of the different bases. DNA has to store the genetic codes, while RNA has to help transfer these codes to the cells of the body. Each base is different and depending on if they have Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, Uracil or Thymine, their gene turns out different. Each monomer has a base with one of those 5 bases and it will attach to the copy depending on what base they have, which in turn creates the genes and phenotype that the organism has.