Charity, Brandon, Kate
What was the Utopian Movement?
Utopian Communities reflected social perfection instead of religious purity like a lot of places in the Antebellum period. Utopian Communities came to reflect social parfection rather than religious purity. Some utopian communities at this time were the Mormons in Utah, the Shakers in New Hampshire and the Oneida in New York.
New Harmony Community
The Oneida Community
The Mormon Community
The Shaker Community
The Shakers, or the United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearance, represent one of the most successful utopian communities in American history. Although their last remaining community currently numbers less than ten members, the Shakers have maintained a utopian presence in the United States for over two hundred years. One of the secrets of their success seems to be the fact that while they have lived since the 18th century by a set of basic tenets, they have always believed in constant revelation from the spirit world, and they never operated under the elaborate sets of rules that some less successful utopian communities imposed upon their members.
The Amana Society
Modern Day Comparisions
Twin Oaks Community is in Virginia and has a population of about 100 people. The people’s basic values are non-violence, cooperation and sustainability. It was founded in 1967. Adults are required to work 42 hours a week and not allowed to own a firearm. This community is very similar to utopian communities in the Antebellum period like the Mormons and Shakers.
The Farm, Lewis County, Tennessee
The Farm is a group of about 300 flower children and free-thinkers who set out to create a perfect community in 1971. They left San Francisco to create a trail to the east and ended up settling in rural Tennessee. They are the people who founded America’s oldest hippie commune. The Farm can be found in the outskirts of Summertown, Tennessee to this day and it has been the subject of certain articles and documentaries like “American Commune”. The group has shrunk to roughly 200 members, however, those members remain faithful to the core values of nonviolence and respect for the environment.
Green Bank, West Virginia
Green Bank, West Virginia, is a National Radio Quiet Zone where electromagnetic radiation (cell phone reception, wifi signals, etc.) is banned so no one will be disturbed living in Green Bank. They have a population of about 150 and it’s purpose is to get away from radiation that they believe is bad for their health. They don’t have grocery stores, restaurants or hospitals nearby. They believe themselves to be isolated, but purified, and they like to keep to themsleves as to not disturb anyone else.
New Songdo City, Korea
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