Green Revolution

By: Nithin Pingili

Pros of the Green Revolution

  • Capable of growing crops on a massive scale.
  • Made plants which are now resistant to pests and herbicides.
  • Farming can become a process of automation.
  • Can replant same crops without having to let land fallow.
  • Can grow virtually any crop anywhere we want.
  • Farmers can grow and export cash crops for profit.

Cons of the Green Revolution

  • Massive cultures of crops are unnatural, they require vast amounts of land, and require large quantities of water, and fertilizer.
  • Pests and weeds can develop a resistance to GMO's poisons, and can result in creation of super-pests which are far more difficult to control. There are also worries about cross pollination from GMO's to other plants in the environment that could result in invasive species.
  • GMO's produce sterile seeds, and must be repurchased every year.
  • The cost of industrial farming equipment is beyond the means of small farmers. Plus all this equipment requires burning fossil fuels, contributing to pollution, and global warming.
  • By constantly replanting crops without restoring soil health means that more fertilizer is required to replenish nitrates. The use of petrochemical fertilizers require fossil fuels, and is patently unsustainable.
  • Contributes to food scarcity as staple food crops are being replaced by cash crops to be exported.
  • No attention paid to the suitability of what can be grown in a given area.

My opinion about this concept

I do agree with this concept because it was able to help a lot of people that have agriculture land produce good harvests and make a profit out of what they have grown. When you look at India before the Green Revolution took place, it was very poor, wasn't able to feed its people, and many agricultural problems. But the thing is that the Green Revolution has been much of a positive concept rather than a negative because of the big change it brought to India and the rest of the world.