Classifying Colonies

Ben Dodson

Jamestown

1) In 1606 King James I sent English entrepreneurs to settle near Chesapeake

2) Jamestown was founded by the Virginia company in 1607 60 miles north of the Chesapeake Bay

3) Death tolls were high because of disease and famine

4) People of the Powhatan Tribe helped the colonist survive the first winter by bringing them food and teaching them techniques on how to survive the harsh weather

5) Captain John Smith was the leader of the colonist in Jamestown

6) When John Smith leaves in 1609 the colony goes into "the starving times" and only 60 of the 214 original colonist survive

7) John Rolfe introduced Tobacco as the cash crop for Jamestown

8) Tobacco plantations were run by indentured servants that had to work for up to eight years to pay off their debts, but rarely did they live long enough to complete their sentence

9) In 1619 the House of Burgesses was founded as the first legislative assembly of elected representitives in North America

10) The English began to raid native villages for food and supplies which ultimately ruined the relationship between the colonist and the native peoples


Massachusetts Bay

1) In 1628 John Endecott led a small group of Puritans to settle in Salem Massachusetts

2) In 1630 over 1,000 Puritan refugees arrived in the new world and the Massachusetts Bay colony was founded

3) John Winthrop is founder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony

4)John Winthrop became the governor of the Massachusetts Bay

5) A theocratic government was established and only church members could participate

6) Only Puritan church members were granted full rights such as owning land

7) The Puritans came to the New World to practice their own religion, which is why they did not allow religious freedom

8) There were meeting buildings for each Puritan village where the men could gather to make laws and work out other problems

9) Every village was required to have a school if there were over 50 families living there

10) Tobacco was the regions cash crop (Chesapeake)

Pennsylvania

1) King Charles II gave the territory of Pennsylvania to William Penn

2) William Penn founded the Pennsylvania colony in 1681

3) Pennsylvania was settled by mostly Quakers

4) The colony promised religous freedom for monotheistic religions

5) In 1682 a lower and upper house of legislature was approved

6) The colony had good relations with the native peoples

7) Pennsylvania promised freedom and equality to its people

8) William Penn was appointed governor of his colony

9) William Penn made a peace treaty with the natives in 1682

10) The first government assembly was established at Chester

Maryland

1) Maryland was founded in 1634

2) Maryland was founded by Lord Baltimore, also known as George Calvert

3) Maryland was created for religious freedoms for the Catholics

4) Tobacco was the main cash crop in Maryland

5) Maryland borders the Chesapeake Bay

6) Most Maryland settlers did not come with their families, but traveled alone for economic reasons

7) Large numbers of indentured servants were needed to work on tobacco plantations in the region

8) Disease was a large problem in Maryland, life expectancy was almost 10 years less than an individual who lived in New England

9) In 1649 the Maryland Act of Toleration was passed to grant religious freedom to all christians

10) Maryland has cold rainy winters along with hot and humid summers

Georgia

1) In 1732 King Charles II sent out a charter to create a new colony, Georgia

2) In 1733 the colony Georgia was founded by James Oglethorpe

3) Georgia was a place that debtors could go and live

4) Georgia served as a barrier to Spanish expansion out of Florida

5) Early on Georgia had the intension of having no slaves, but when it became a Royal Colony slavery was heavily introduced

6) Laws were made by trustees because they did not trust colonist to make laws for themselves

7) The economy was based off of farming and the plantation production of crops such as tobacco and rice

8) Georgia was a very diverse colony that was a refuge for any one person in need of a fresh start, religons varied greatly

9) Georgia has mild winters but very hot and humid summers

10) Named in honor of King George II of England

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Georgia

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Georgia