Joannah Park & Jenna Taylor 3rd period

European Settlements

  • The English were the first to settle in Virginia, making it the first colony in the British Empire
  • The English settled in Virginia in search of economic opportunity; especially to profit from mineral wealth
  • The English also settled in Virginia to prevent the spread of Spanish colonies, and to spread Protestant Christianity
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Location, Location, Location

The English chose the site the did for Jamestown because:

  • It had a deep water port, so the colonists could moor their ships to the trees
  • It was surrounded on three sides by water and on a fourth by a swamp
  • It was located at a bend in the river, which provided a wide field of view- provided for an optimal defensive position
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More About Virginia!

Type of Colony:

  • Jamestown was founded by the private stock holding company (or joint-stock company)- The Virginia Co.


  • The settlers at Jamestown were members of the Anglican faith, the official Church of England
  • The Pilgrims were dissenters from the Church of England and established the Puritan Church

Colonial Government:

  • The first representative government began in 1619 with the convening of a general assembly, at the request of settlers who wanted input in the laws governing them

Specific Trade:

  • Wood for ship construction, furniture, houses, clapboard, wainscot, pikes, etc. Other wood products included potash, pitch, and tar
  • Soon after, however, tobacco became the most important export.

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Major Events

  • 1607- Established as the first permanent English settlement
  • 1612- John Rolfe brought the tobacco business to help the colony
  • 1619- Home of America's first representative legislature
  • 1619- First Negroes to Jamestown
  • 1624- Became a royal colony
  • 1693- Established The College of William and Mary

Key People

  • John Rolfe
  • Pocahontas
  • Nathaniel Bacon
  • John Smith
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