New York Times

September 7,1842

Samuel Slater

Samuel Slater is a skilled British mechanic who came to the United States with designs of textiles mills.Slater claimed he could improve the ways that manufacturing is done in the US. Brown had one of his men test Samuel Slater's knowledge of machines.Slater partners with Smith Brown, and William Almy. Slater has just opened his first mill in Pawtucket Rhode His mill is very successful. Samuel Slater's wife invented a new cotton thread for sewing.

Eli Whitney

The textile industry had many people working.Most workers in the textile industry spun thread to make cloth but it was time consuming. When Richard Arkwright invented the water frame the good make clothing a lot more efficiently but the water frame had to be built by streams or rivers. Great Britain now had the biggest textile industry in the world.


Textile Industry

The textile industry had many people working.Most workers in the textile industry spun thread to make cloth but it was time consuming. When Richard Arkwright invented the water frame the good make clothing a lot more efficiently but the water frame had to be built by streams or rivers. Great Britain now had the biggest textile industry in the world.


Worker's lives on Mills

Workers on the mill had rough lives.The first bell is at 4:30AM the second bell in the morning was at 5:30Am the Third bell was at 6:20Am. The.The dinner bells were at 12:00Pm which is the ring out and the second bell was at 12:35Pm was a ring in bell.The evening bells were at 6:30 Pm which is ring out this is for every day other than on Saturday.

Rhode Island System VS. Lowell System

The Lowell system wants to bring a different approach.There Idea is to completely change the textile industry in the Northeast. The Lowell system is a water powered textile mill.We have been hiring young unmarried women and we give them a room and supply them with food.The young mill workers became known as Lowell girls.These girls make between 2 to 4 dollars a week.We make them work 12 to 14 hours a day.

VS.

The Rhode Island system was to hire families and dividing factory work into simple tasks.You make money and you will learn a new skill.You will be supplied houses and there will be a company store.The mills employed not only the textile workers who operated the machinery but also machine part makers and dam builders.


Labor reforms and trade unions

Now the workers at the trade union have a fear that they might lose their jobs so they came up with trade unions which is where the try to improve pay and working conditions.Now the unskilled factory workers built trade unions.Some labor unions went on strike because the employers don,t meet there demands. Now the association’s two main goals were to influence and investigate of the working conditions to obtain a 10 hour workday.Most men and women supported to 10 hour work day.Usually the work 12 to 14 hours a day for 6 days a week.


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Transportation Revolution and Changes it Brought

We are in the period of time called the transportation revolution.Right now people are trying to find faster and cheaper ways to travel.The Clermont was created by Robert Fulton and it is the first commercial steamboat to travel up stream. Peter Cooper created a powerful locomotive which is a train.With these new ways of travel we can trade state to state a cheaper time and get it down faster.

Steamboats

Right now the steamboat was created by Robert Fulton in 1803.The Clermont was the first full-sized commercial steamboat.On August 9, 1807, the Clermont was the first boat to travel against the current.The demand for ferry service soon rose.The boat increased trade because the the goods could be moved more quickly and at a cheaper price.In the United States more than than 500 steamboats were used.

Trains

In 1830 Peter Cooper built a small powered locomotive called the Tom Thumb. Every year more and more railroad track were being laid across the United States and by 1840 2,800 mile of track were laid.When the compared a wagon with a locomotive they saw the locomotive traveled at the speed of 20 mph and the wagon at 2 mph.Riding these train early it was often an adventure but the trains were quite dangerous.

Telegraph

The new telegraph was a way that you could communicate over wires across great distances.To develop the telegraph Morse studied electricity and magnetism. The.The telegraph sent pulses on surges of electric current through the wire.at the other end of the wire these pulses were changed into clicking noises.Several year passed until Morse could connect two places with a telegraph.Morse went to a convention in Baltimore Maryland.The telegraph grew with the railroads.

Steam Power

At the start of the industrial revolution most factories started with water power but later on the switched to steam power.With water powered businesses had to be built by water but with steam power they could build it any where in the city.By 1860 the north had more factories than the south.Some companies decided to built there factories closer to cities and transportation. Being close to cities reduced shipping costs.

Farm Equipment

In the 1830, technology began transforming the farm as well.Most farmers struggled plowing thick soil.John Deere thought that steel blades might work better.In 1831 Cyrus McCormick invented a better harvesting machine.His machine made it a lot easier to harvest crops.This allowed Midwestern farmers to plat and harvest huge crop fields.


Inventions in the Home

Many inventions in the industrial revolution made life easier.The sewing machine,first invented by Elias Howe made life easier for Americans.Isaac Singer made Elias Howe better. American we're always improving everyday items.The made a ice box that stored food safely for a longer period of time.
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