Monuments Men: Saving History!

Monuments Men and Women Are Sent to Protect European Art

Summary of Event

On June 23, 1943 President Roosevelt approved the Robert Commission. The Roberts Commission gave the U.S. permission to form a group of men and women to protect the art of Europe. Hitler was stealing the art of the people because he was obsessed with their beauty. The Monuments Men saved over five million pieces of art by the end of the war. Even six years after the war the Monuments Men continued to find lost art. This shows that President Roosevelt made the right decision to create the Monuments Men.

DETAILED EXPLANATION

On June 23, 1943 President Roosevelt approved the Roberts Commission. The form organized a group of middle aged curators, archaeologists, museum directors, teachers, artist, and art historians (women and men) that wanted to do their part during the war. They were assigned to protecting European art and culture behind Nazi front lines.

Hitler was destroying and stealing art for two reasons. The first reason being when he was rejected by a fine arts school, and second reason was he wanted to destroy the past of the people so this was the life they remember. Hitler also made it a challenge to find the art with more than one thousand hiding places for his stolen treasures.

By the end of the war, there were thousands of priceless artifacts that were saved by the Monument Men in their bravery. Even after the war though the Monuments Men continued to look for the missing artifacts. Today however there are only three living monuments men and still thousands of missing pieces of artwork. This shows that Roosevelt's decision to allow for the monuments men to go to Europe saved European culture.

Helpful Videos

The Monuments Men | Official Trailer #3 HD | 2014
Who were the real "Monuments Men"?

FACTS AND STATISTICS

  • Monuments Men were men and women from thirteen different nations.
  • The official name was the MFAA or the Monuments, fine arts, and archives, division their job to protect and recover the world's greatest treasures.
  • In the last year of the war they recovered over five million artifacts stolen by Hitler and his nazis.
  • The Monuments Men stayed in Europe six years after the war ended organizing concerts and traveling art exhibits. Hitler and the Germans hid art in salt mines.
  • When they got home the Monuments Men created many famous museums.
  • For every 1 "Monuments Men," there was roughly 45,000 Nazis soldiers.
  • The salt mines and castles that had the paintings in them had gold (sometimes) hidden in them as well.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

The Heroes." The Heroes. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.


"The Monuments Men | Official Site." The Monuments Men | Official Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.


"Monuments Men Foundation for the Preservation of Art." Monuments Men Foundation for the Preservation of Art. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.


"Paul Sachs' List of Potential Monuments Men, 1943 October." Paul Sachs' List of Potential Monuments Men, from the W. G. Constable Papers. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.


"Who Were the Real "Monuments Men"?" YouTube. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.


"The Monuments Men | Official Trailer #3 HD | 2014." YouTube. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.