Bipolar Disorder

From mania, to depression!

What is bipolar disorder?

Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder. Formerly called manic depression, bipolar disorder is a mental illness that causes people to have episodes of serve high and low moods.
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Symptoms

There are two parts to bipolar disorder: Mania & Depression, which show different symptoms from each other.

Symptoms of mania : Excessive happiness,restlessness,rapid speech,poor concentration, and tendency to show poor judgement.

Symptoms of depression: Sadness, loss of energy, feelings of hopelessness or worthlessness,difficulty concentrating, uncontrollable crying, irritability, increase need for sleep, and a change in appetite causing weight loss or gain

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Course of development?

In bipolar disorder,the dramatic episodes of high and low moods don't follow a set pattern and depression doesn't necessarily always follow manic phases. A person may also experience the same mood state several times before suddenly experiencing the opposite mood. These episodes can happen over a period of weeks,months and sometimes years.

Treatment Options

Seroquel XR , Lithium, and Benzodiazepines are all medications used to treat both ends of bipolar disorder. Some doctors, however, will prescribe a person with bipolar disorder a combination of anti depressants for the depression phase and sleep medications for the manic phase.
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Possible Causes

Experts believe that abnormal serotonin levels contribute to bipolar disorder. It is known to be a genetic disease but environment and lifestyle can cause it to be more severe than what was inherited.

Case study

Suzanne had been diagnosed by her psychiatrist as having Bipolar Disorder. She had tried numerous medications for years, but was unable to find the right combinations. She had sleep medications for her manic phase and anti-depressants for the phase of depression.She began finding it more and more difficult to work, and she eventually had to get a job from home working on the computer doing phone sales.

Sources of Media that deal with bipolar disorder

"A Fine Madness"

"Mr.Jones"

"The Devil and Daniel Johnston"

bipolar child