Science Behind the Buds!
Where does taste really come from?
Well obviously it comes from when you put something inside of your mouth and it touches your tongue. But the mouth have millions of taste cells located in the pores or opening on the edges and back your tongue. the human mouth can taste 5 things sweet, sour, bitter, salty, and savory (meaning minty or plain). But did you know even people without tongues can still taste?! You might ask how is that? Well because also have something called taste sensors located in the roof of the mouth and also the side of your cheeks and in your throat. The sense of smell also has an impact on how things. The sense of smell and taste depend on each other that's why when your nose is stuffy it is really hard to taste anything everything is closed and blocked off. the sense of taste also depends on receptors to detect chemical substances and transmit information about them to the brain. An example is when you eat something spicy the chemicals in it activate receptors located on the tongue and nose that detects warmth and they send signals to your brain which also could cause you to sweat and you nose to run.
Could you be a Supertaster?!
There is no accepted definition of “basic taste” (Adam Hadnaizy) ,but there is a supertaster. A supertaster is a person who experiences taste with far greater intensity than the common individual would. This “ super taster “ is more likely to happen with women, specifically those of Asian, African, and south american ethnicity. The average person has 9,000 taste buds on their tongue. also means that you have more taste buds than the average person. Super Tasting is depicted on the increased amount of fungiform papillae which is located on the upper surface of the tongue mostly of the tip and the sides. 25% of our world population are supertasters, but in America 35% of Caucasian women are supertasters and only 15% of white men are supertasters, so the tall tale of of women having more taste buds than men is actually true women have superior taste buds in comparison to men. If if you want to find out if you are a supertaster? you only need one ingredient which is blue food coloring! Place the food coloring on your tongue if it is less blue you are a supertaster! if it is more blue you are a subtaster! Means more hot Sauce! (Emily Elert)
Does Being a Certain Race, Age or Gender Play a Factor Into the Way Things Taste?
Yes. genetics factors, ethnicity and gender both influence taste sensitivities in various ways( Jefferey Neild). Scientifically speaking ethnic and gender factors comes into play as Asian women are more likely to be supertasters than anyone else in the world( Jefferey Neild). Differences in cultural backgrounds play a part in how things may taste, such as spices and many other things. Cultural backgrounds or genes also depict how things taste . some may confuse super tasting with picky eating, but all picky eaters are not supertasters. 75% of our population are sub tasters, which means they can have more hot sauce and salt and many more things of that nature. Age also plays a part into how the taste buds differ over time as you age the number of taste buds you have decrease while the remaining buds begin to shrink. While you age your mouth produces less saliva that causes dry mouth and affects your sense of taste in your buds.While the older you get the less you're able to smell if when you lose your ability to smell certain aromas that happens as you age, you’re limited to basic taste sensations picked up by your tongue, which won’t be as strong or as complex as they were before with your good sense of smell.
What sets YOUR tastes buds apart from others?
Although an Individual's taste sense is not all about the papillae it also has to do with the tongue having the ability to detect different molecules, that is where the difference between one individual versus their siblings or parents in how things may taste come into play. With that being said the brain still recognizes the same five taste but the chemicals in the foods that can activate those receptors vary from one person to the next despite genetics. People who cannot taste or need excessive amounts of seasoning to taste may have a tasting disorder which is very common and usually can be treated and in some cases cured. Nobody's taste buds are the same, everyone is unique in their own way so the possibility of having the exact same buds as someone else is slim to none because everyone's brain and sense of smell are all different which basically dictates your taste buds and their reaction to the chemicals that the food gives off. Tasting in all can vary from age, gender, genetics, ethnicity, and many more things in all what really sets you apart is your genetic makeup as a newborn being born into this world with 10,000 and losing them as you grow older.