Classifying the Colonies

Chris Henry

Jamestown

  1. The Virginia Company - a joint stock company sent to settle in the Chesapeake area of North America in hope of finding gold
  2. John Smith - came to Jamestown and organized the people for a year and a half, until he had to go back to England for powder burns
  3. Starving Time - period of time Jamestown went into after John Smith left where cannibalism was seen
  4. John Rolfe - discovered tobacco and married Pocahontas, which created temporary peace between the English and Indians
  5. Tobacco - called "King Nicotine" because it was a tyrant and destroyed the soil for any other crops to grow
  6. The men who settled the land of Jamestown were mostly the youngest son of their upper class parents because their inherited nothing and were trying to strike their own independence.
  7. Jamestown is located on Chesapeake bay, where three ships landed bringing the Virginia Company to settle in 1607
  8. Sir Thomas Gates - labeled governor of Jamestown in 1610 in effort to give the governor more power in the colony
  9. House of Burgesses - first free form of government engraved by governor George Yeardley
  10. 104 men came to Jamestown, but less than a year later, only 38 had lived which starts off Jamestown for having awful life expectancy


Massachusetts Bay

  1. Puritan - a form of Christianity that is under the Protestant Reformation and Calvinism (settlers of Massachusetts Bay were Puritan)
  2. 1630 - the year Massachusetts Bay was settled
  3. John Winthrop - the governor who ruled the settlement of Massachusetts Bay
  4. The Puritans wanted to purify the Church of England because they didn't believe they were 'pure'
  5. If one were to be seen as part of the Quaker religion, they were severely punished
  6. They immigrated in family units so that there would be equal numbers between males and females
  7. Puritans believed that women were inherently evil
  8. The water of Massachusetts Bay was clean and disease free, allowing the settlers to have drinking water
  9. The Mayflower brought over many pilgrims which built the colony
  10. Less disease was in Massachusetts Bay because of the very cold winter killing insects and other disease spreaders


Pennsylvania

  1. William Penn - the founder of the Pennsylvania colony
  2. 1682 - the year in which William Penn founded Pennsylvania
  3. Pennsylvania was excellent in agriculture and wheat and corn were their main successors
  4. Quakers - the religion in which the people of Pennsylvania practiced
  5. William Penn used his inheritance and the Quakers to build the colony of Pennsylvania
  6. Climate - winters were cold and summers were warm and humid
  7. Geography - the land of Pennsylvania was very hilly, but the soil was perfect for their agriculture
  8. The ideas within the government of Pennsylvania were the basics that evolved into part of the constitution today
  9. William Penn created the Great Treaty in 1682 that consisted of the Indians and settlers
  10. King Charles II - named Pennsylvania in honor of William Penn


Maryland

  1. 1634 - the year Maryland was founded
  2. George Calvert (Lord Baltimore) - founder of Maryland
  3. Maryland is located on the Chesapeake Bay
  4. Maryland had a disease problem and the life expectancy was nearly ten years less than that of New England's
  5. Maryland's winters are very cold and rainy, but the summers are hot and humid
  6. Agriculture is great in Maryland because of the location on the Chesapeake Bay
  7. Tobacco was the main crop and made a lot of money
  8. Maryland used indentured servants to farm and irrigate the tobacco plants
  9. The Maryland Act of Toleration - act passed in 1649 the gave religious freedom to all Christians
  10. The settlers of Maryland immigrated alone so that they could benefit economically speaking


Georgia

  1. 1733 - the year Georgia was founded
  2. James Oglethorpe - the founder of Georgia
  3. King Charles II - the man who sent out the charter in order to develop a new colony
  4. Farming was a huge factor in Georgia and their most important crops were tobacco and rice
  5. Unlike most colonies, Georgia accepted anyone who wanted a new life, leading to many religions
  6. Royal Colony - the colony Georgia became which led to allowing slavery
  7. Trustees - the people in Georgia who created the laws; the people weren't trusted to make them
  8. Climate - mildly cold winters and hot and humid summers
  9. Debtors - people who owed money, they could go to Georgia to start a life with opportunities
  10. Georgia Colony stopped Spanish expansion out of Florida