Maddy Oldham Vivas 1A

What is a GMF/GMO?

The term GMF refers to Genetically Modified Food (or Genetically Modified Organism in the case of a GMO). GMFs/GMOs are, as their name says, genetically modified. They have had a portion of their DNA removed and replaced with that of another organism in order to try and enhance an aspect of the food/organism.

Benefits and Risks of GMFs/GMOs


According to an article from Jack Baskin School of Engineering, the benefits of GMFs/GMOs include:

  • increased crop intake -> more food to spread around -> less famine
  • crops that are resistant to weeds, bugs, and other pests/harmful products
  • foods that look and taste better and last longer


According to an article from the Center for Food Saftey, some risks involved in GMFs/GMOs include:

  • unexpected allergic reactions
  • toxicity
  • the food losing nutritional value
  • create internal bacteria to become antibiotic-resistant

Should they be labeled?

Currently, GMOs/GMFs are not required to be labeled in the U.S. This creates a population that is not truly sure of what they are putting into their bodies. In this way, I feel it creates a major issue. People who are vegetarian, vegan, or have strict religious beliefs may be consuming DNA of an animal in vegetables without knowing it due to the lack of advertisement of the genetic modification. It is because of this that I feel GMOs/GMFs should be labeled.

Works Cited

Center for Food Saftey. “GE Food & Your Health.” CENTER FOR FOOD SAFETY. CENTER FOR FOOD SAFETY, 2015. Web. 10 Mar. 2015. <>. C: The copyright on the site is 2015, making the info current.

R:The article is directly related to the project by providing the health risks associated with GE foods.

A: The site, Center for Food Safety, has authority since it is, as their name says, experts on food saftey.

P: The article is written strictly to inform the reader of the negative elements of GMFs/GMOs, not to try and get the person to boycott completely (though their information does a good job at making the reader want this on their own).

Edwards, Terrell, et al. “Benefits of GM Food:.” Genetically Modified Foods. CMPE80e UC Santa Cruz, 2005. Web. 10 Mar. 2015. <>. C: The article is from 2005, which may be considered out of date. However, the pros provided are not specific to that year and, therefore, can be considered applicable now.

R: The article talks directly about GMOs and what their benefits are in society.

A: The author/source of this article is UC Santa Cruz, and engineering college in California (which, as an engineering school, would have lots of information about this topic as it relates to genetic engineering).

P: The source includes a con article in order to show the other side and reduce bias.

The article on the same source titled Cons ( was used in the con portion of the smore as well to supplement the other article.