By: Molly Gubbels and Lexie Holloway
Who is Muhammad?
Principles of the Islamic Faith
- The Islamic faith is Monotheistic.
- It has the second highest religion rank in the world.
- Allah is their one god that has no equal.
- Their holy books are text that are believed to be for the prophets.
- The five pillars of the Islamic Faith:
Shahadah: declaring there is no god except God, and Muhammad is God's Messenger
Salat: ritual prayer five times a day
Sawm: fasting and self-control during the blessed month of Ramadan
Zakat: giving 2.5% of one’s savings to the poor and needy
Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime if he/she is able to do
How did the religion spread?
Spread after the death of Muhammad through remarkable successes both at converting unbelievers to Islam. Expansion of the Islamic state was an understandable development.
Compare and Contrast: Islam to Christianity, Islam to Judaism, Islam to Hinduism, Islam to Confucianism, and Islam to Taoism.
Christianity to Islam- Difference- there are 3 branches of christianity and only two of islam
Similar- There is over a billion adherents worldwide.
Islam to Judaism- Difference- Islam have Jesus and Judaism doesn’t
Similar- they only worship one god and he doesn’t die and is the only one that has ever existed.
Islam to Hinduism- Difference- The hindu belief in many gods and the Islamic only believe in one God.
Similar- There are around 1 billion people in their religions.
Islam to Confucianism- Difference- The islamic faith has almost 200 times the people that Confucianism does.
Similar- They were founded about 1000-5000 years ago.
Islam to Taoism- Difference- Taoism is not worshipped but Islam is.
Similar- They are both autonomous.