John Muir

By: Brennan Bailey

Early Life

John Muir was born on April 21, in Dunbar Scotland. He was a farmer, inventor, sheepherder, naturalist, explorer, writer, and a famous conservationist. He attended a small coastal school until he moved to Portage, Wisconsin in 1849. His Father was a farmer and put John and the rest of his family to work, but when he wasn't farming he would explore the wilderness. In 1860 John Muir attended the University of Wisconsin for tree years before he left to travel the Northern United States and Canada. In 1867 Muir suffered a blinding eye injury that changed his life. It wasn't permanent but when he regained his sight he decided to what he wanted to do most travel and see the world.


He found Sierra Nevada and Yosemite in California the over all beauty is what led him to become a conservationist. Beginning in 1874, a series of articles by Muir entitled "Studies in the Sierra" launched his successful career as a writer. He left the mountains and lived for awhile in Oakland, California. Settling down to some measure of domestic life, Muir went into partnership with his father-in-law and managed the family fruit ranch with great success. In 1901, Muir published a book called Our National Parks, it brought him to the attention of President Theodore Roosevelt and in two years Roosevelt visited Muir in Yosemite. There, they laid the foundation of Roosevelt's innovative and notable conservation programs. He continued to try and preserve and protect the environment until he died on December 21, 1914.


I only went out for a walk and finally concluded to stay out till sundown, for going out, I found, was really going in.

Everybody needs beauty as well as bread, places to play in and pray in, where nature may heal and give strength to body and soul.

Keep close to Nature's heart... and break clear away, once in awhile, and climb a mountain or spend a week in the woods. Wash your spirit clean.