Federal Court System

Paula W

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Federal Court System

US Marshall- Makes arrests, collects fines, and takes convicted people to prison


US Attorney- A government lawyer who prosecutes people of breaking federal law


Magistrate Judge- Decides whether the accused should be put to jail or held on bail


Life Terms- When someone can hold office as long as they would like


Precedent- Models for other judges to follow so they can make their own decisions on similar cases.


Opinion- Explains legal thinking behind the courts decision in the case


Remand- Sending the case bag to the lower court to be tried again


Circuit- Geographic area of US Court Appeal


Appellate Jurisdiction- The authority to hear a case appealed from the lower court


Original Jurisdiction- Authority to hear case for the first time


District Courts- Federal courts where trials are held and lawsuits are begun


Court of Appeals- Reviews decisions made by district courts

Article III For Dummies: The Judiciary Explained
FEDERAL COURTS’ STRUCTURE

The Supreme Court of the United States, District (Trial) Courts, Appellate Courts