Learning and Culture Flourish

Section 4


  • The need for educated people grows.
  • Women were not allowed to attend universities.
  • Muslim scholars had translated the works of Aristotle and other Greek thinkers into Arabic.
  • Christian scholars struggled with new ideas.
  • Greek writing posed challenges for christian scholars.
  • Aristotle taught that people should use reason to discover basic truth.
  • Writings of these philosophers influenced the famous scholastic Thomas Aquinas
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Architecture and Art

  • Romanesque to Gothic
  • Romanesque churches looked like fortresses.
  • Stonemasons carved sculptures to decorate churches inside and out.
  • paintings manuscripts and tapestries
  • Churches contained religious paintings.
  • Gothic style was applied to the artistic decoration of books.
  • Medieval artist created paintings in thread.