Water Project

The Urgent Need of Help for Uganda

Why?

A purification system is needed to:


-To decrease disease and death rates

-To stop the use of getting water from other contaminated sources

-Stop poor drainage

-Stop poor sanitation

-Stop little regard of waste disposal


Biggest water related issue:

People depend on waste fills to get water from and the water is very contaminated creating disease.

Medium Scale Solution

Water Bottles

-when water is inserted, it flows down to the filtration system at the bottom

-filter has a semi-permeable membrane

-filter removes sediments, odor, dissolved solids

-sends unwanted particles towards the bottom

  • Disadvantages: only holds 1L of water at a time, bottom area has to constantly be cleaned

  • Advantages: quick and easy to clean water, can be taken with you anywhere

  • Short term costs: will be made by hand with recycled materials to save money, price will be between $45-$60

  • Long term costs: better materials will be used as production increases making the product price higher, product material price will increase

Small Scale Solution

At Home Filtration System

1. using two water/soda bottles, cut the bottom end of one & the top end of another
2. place the one with the bottom end cut upside down inside the one with the top half cut
3. place a layer gravel, sand, and charcoal inside the bottle

*use cotton material at the end of opening
4. pour contaminated water in & it will be filtered out as clean

-Charcoal can remove chemicals and lead from water

-When used with a sediment pre-filter, it works best

  • Disadvantages: it is a tedious process, it can easily be messed up

  • Advantages: all the resources you need is at home, easy to create

  • Short term costs: shouldn’t cost much b/c resources from home are being used, no more than $5

  • Long term costs: once many people start using this method, resources will go astray and there would be a need to buy more materials

Large Scale Solution

Piping system

-pipes will be from underground

-water be pumped from wells into pipes

-water from wells will then travel to the water heater in household

-another pipe from the water heater will be going through a filtering system, with a water softener water that filters contaminates and softens the pressure of water

-afterwards, the clean water will be sent to the hot water and cold water taps in the household

*more wells will be built to create a water source for piping

  • Disadvantages: its main source is a well; the water may run out sooner, the flow of water might not be as fast because many people in the community might be using the same well

  • Advantages: there is no need to go out of your home to find clean water, it is underground so there won’t be a need to check on it or clean it on a regular basis

  • Short term costs: fundraising will be done to gain money for materials, will cost on average $5,000, plumbers will be needed, to build wells is over $5,000

  • Long term costs: money will be needed to update materials, new technology to decrease the need of materials