By Kendra, Riley, Elisabeth, and Maddy
Organization of Society
The Guomindang ended up controlling the central government of China. They were led by Jiang Jieshi. The Communists ruled northern and central China. Eventually, the communists took over all of China.
Mao Zedong was a peasant who believed that Communism should be applied to peasants rather than merely urban areas. He promised to fix China. From 1934 to 1935, he led the Communists on the Long March. Jiang Jieshi wished to destroy the Communists, so he and the Guomindang attacked the Communists throughout their march. Mao Zedong led his Communists in guerrilla attacks against the Guomindang. Mao instructed his soldiers to be polite to peasants and not destroy their crops. This caused the peasants to support the Communists as opposed to the Guomindang, who had caused them to suffer.
In 1921, Sun Yixian began a conquest to take over China. He established the Nationalist Party, or the Guomindang, in southern China. He received help from the Soviet Union and joined forces with the Chinese Communist party. He died in 1925, and Jiang Jieshi took control. Jiang didn’t want communism or democracy, but merely wanted to take back and reunite China. In 1926 he led the Northern Expedition in which he took over northern China with the Communists. In 1927 the Communist Party was attacked, starting a 22 year Civil War. Eventually the Communists and Guomindang united against attacks from Japan.
Communism Vs. Guomindang
The first president and founding father of the Republic of China.
A famous Chinese general, politician and emperor, for his influence during the late Qing Dynasty.
A Chinese political and military leader who served from 1928-1975 as leader of the Republic of China.
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