Chinese Revolution

By Kendra, Riley, Elisabeth, and Maddy

Geography

China is located in eastern Asia. Japan, a nearby country, invaded in 1931, and started the Sino-Japanese War. During this war, the Japanese invaded Nanjing. Another nearby country, the Soviet Union, came to China’s aid along with Great Britain, France, and the United States.
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Organization of Society

At this point in time there wasn’t much organization to the Chinese society. Warlords, Communists, and the Guomindang were all fighting for control of China, so there was no strong central government.
100 Years of Beauty - Episode 15: China (Leah Li)

The Result

The Guomindang ended up controlling the central government of China. They were led by Jiang Jieshi. The Communists ruled northern and central China. Eventually, the communists took over all of China.


Communist Leaders

Mao Zedong was a peasant who believed that Communism should be applied to peasants rather than merely urban areas. He promised to fix China. From 1934 to 1935, he led the Communists on the Long March. Jiang Jieshi wished to destroy the Communists, so he and the Guomindang attacked the Communists throughout their march. Mao Zedong led his Communists in guerrilla attacks against the Guomindang. Mao instructed his soldiers to be polite to peasants and not destroy their crops. This caused the peasants to support the Communists as opposed to the Guomindang, who had caused them to suffer.


Guomindang Leaders

In 1921, Sun Yixian began a conquest to take over China. He established the Nationalist Party, or the Guomindang, in southern China. He received help from the Soviet Union and joined forces with the Chinese Communist party. He died in 1925, and Jiang Jieshi took control. Jiang didn’t want communism or democracy, but merely wanted to take back and reunite China. In 1926 he led the Northern Expedition in which he took over northern China with the Communists. In 1927 the Communist Party was attacked, starting a 22 year Civil War. Eventually the Communists and Guomindang united against attacks from Japan.

Communism Vs. Guomindang

In 1926, the Guomindang and Communist forces cooperated in conquering northern China. They worked together with assistance from the Soviet Union to conquer the various warlords who controlled at the time. However, in early 1927, the Guomindang Party backstabbed the Communist Party. In response, the Communists retreated, but they were continually harassed in their escape. From 1934 to 1935, most of the Communists were killed by the Guomindang, but the survivors created a new Chinese Communist base. However, in 1937, the Japanese invasion forced the Guomindang and the Communists to join forces to fight back. After the Second Sino-Japanese War, the Communists and the Guomindang divided again. Communism spread among the citizens of China, and the corrupt Guomindang government declined.

Leaders

Works Cited

BBC News. BBC. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.

"China 1931." Hisatlas. Web. 05 Jan. 2016.

"Sun Yat-sen Biography." Sun Yat-Sen Biography. Web. 05 Jan. 2016.

Webley, Kayla. "Top 25 Political Icons." Time. Time Inc., 04 Feb. 2011. Web. 05 Jan. 2016.

"Yuan Shikai | President of China." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica. Web. 05 Jan. 2016.