OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder)

The itch you just can't scratch!

Tristyn Fambrough

10/16/15

Health-5

Definition

OCD is an anxiety disorder that includes such symptoms as repetitive thoughts or feelings, and repetitive behaviors or actions to try to relieve anxiety.

Background

In the seventeenth century, obsessions and compulsions were often described as symptoms of religious melancholy. Not until the 20th century they started to understand what OCD was actually. OCD has changed its theory over the many years. Now this illness affects as many as 12 in every 1000 people (1.2% of the population) regardless of age and gender. World Health Organization has actually ranked OCD in the top ten of the most disabling illnesses of any kind.

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Causes

OCD may be hereditary and is biological. It happens when part of your brain is more active than it needs to be. The image above shows how an OCD brain works different than one without OCD.

Symptoms

Some common symptoms for OCD:


  • Having excessive concern with dirt/germs.
  • Frequent hand washing, showering, or grooming in a ritualistic manner.
  • Taking long frequent trips to the restroom.
  • Avoiding getting dirty or sticky.
  • Being excessively concerned with bodily secretions or wastes.
  • Counting and/or repeating things a certain number of times.
  • Engaging in repeating rituals.
  • Having excessive fear of harm coming to self or others.

Gender/Age specifics

OCD is not gender or age specific. People from all ages and genders suffer from OCD.

Treatment

There is no known cure for OCD, but therapy and medications is proven to help.
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OCD is a cycle that continues normally in a pattern. Thus making the person create rituals on everyday things.

Agencies


Anxiety Disorders Association of America

8730 Georgia Ave., ste. 600

240-485-1001

http://www.adaa.org


Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies

305 Seventh Ave., 16th Fl./ New York, NY 10001-6008

212-647-1890

http://www.aabt.org


International Foundation for Research and Education or Depression

2017-D Rehard Ct./Annapolis, MD 21401

410-268-0044

http://www.iFred.org

Understanding Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

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