Daily Chronicles

The Spanish-American War

Trouble in Cuba

The stories that the New York World and New York Journal have published about the issue in Cuba seems over exaggerated. This could be because the newspapers thought it would be a good way to get more readers. The idea worked, but this is not a good way to keep Americans informed. Feeding the Americans these over exaggerated details stirs the people up, which is a problem if the US is trying to stay neutral. It's true that bad things have happened, such as Cubans getting put in overcrowded reconcentration camps where there is little food and water, but there's a good possibility that intervening could make the problem worse.

War Against The Spanish!

A letter written by Enrique Dupuy de Lome became published in the New York Journal. It seems that the Spanish Ambassador didn't mean for it to become published. It seemed that it was meant to go to a friend, since the de Lome letter has biased criticism about the President of the United States, saying that he is "weak and catering to the rabble and, besides, a low politician." This is proof of how pathetic de Lome is. Trash talking the president is taking everything to a new low. This is not the only damage Spain has done. Not long after the letter was published, the USS Maine exploded in Havana harbor where over 260 US sailors died. It's completely obvious that Spain did it because of what happened with the de Lome affair. Spain was mad that they got caught, and they are now showing their true colors. It's not okay to let this go. If they think that they can treat our country like this, then they're mistaken. We have to fight back to show them that they can't mess around with us.

WAR BEGINS

Report from the Battlefront

It began in the Philippines, since Spain's largest remaining colony lays there. The plan was to strike a quick blow against them in Manila Bay, so we were given orders by Roosevelt to sail to Hong Kong and wait for orders. We took the Spanish by surprise and completely annihilated them. Not one ship was lost, and there were only few casualties. After reinforcements came in, the city was taken and the Philippines was completely taken over.


Next was Cuba itself. The Navy had set up a blockade, but the Spanish had managed to slip in at the Eastern end of the island, at the harbor of Santiago de Cuba. Troops were ordered to sail there and join the navy. The troops also consisted of African Americans and Rough Riders. Then, on July 1st, the assault had started with Roosevelt and the Rough Riders fighting on Kettle Hill and other US forces fought on San Juan Hill. Both troops had won and taken over by nightfall.


After that, the US Navy defeated the Spanish as they tried to leave the harbor. Santiago ended up surrendering on July 17th. The US captured Puerto Rico the week after that. Spain then agreed to a peace settlement on August 12th.


Even though the war was quickly won, 5,500 Americans died during the war.

A New Power

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Conflict over Treaty of Paris

In this cartoon, President William McKinley is shown raising the American flag in the Philippines. The other man could represent others who were against making the United States an American Empire. The reason this cartoon was created was because of the Treaty of Paris. The Treaty of Paris gave the US Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines. Some people liked the idea of America becoming an empire, while others thought strongly against it. Therefore, the Anti-Imperialist League was formed.


Meanwhile, in Cuba, an issue remained. The country was in ruins due to war, so the United States agreed to stay to help Cuba recover. Throughout four years, the Cubans came to resent the American control, so the US withdrew its troops and the Platt Amendment was passed. This allowed the United States to intervene in Cuban affairs and to buy/lease land for naval bases.