The Spanish-American War
Trouble in Cuba
War Against The Spanish!
Report from the Battlefront
Next was Cuba itself. The Navy had set up a blockade, but the Spanish had managed to slip in at the Eastern end of the island, at the harbor of Santiago de Cuba. Troops were ordered to sail there and join the navy. The troops also consisted of African Americans and Rough Riders. Then, on July 1st, the assault had started with Roosevelt and the Rough Riders fighting on Kettle Hill and other US forces fought on San Juan Hill. Both troops had won and taken over by nightfall.
After that, the US Navy defeated the Spanish as they tried to leave the harbor. Santiago ended up surrendering on July 17th. The US captured Puerto Rico the week after that. Spain then agreed to a peace settlement on August 12th.
Even though the war was quickly won, 5,500 Americans died during the war.
A New Power
Conflict over Treaty of Paris
Meanwhile, in Cuba, an issue remained. The country was in ruins due to war, so the United States agreed to stay to help Cuba recover. Throughout four years, the Cubans came to resent the American control, so the US withdrew its troops and the Platt Amendment was passed. This allowed the United States to intervene in Cuban affairs and to buy/lease land for naval bases.