The Green Revolution

Positive effects, in the long run

Immediate effects

In the short term, the green revolution aides immensely. It transformed india from a starving nation to a major exporter, improved their economic infrastructure, aided their paying off of their debt, and increased political power.

While there may be some adverse effects regarding health or the environment, this will be fixed by the improved infrastructure, but the issue of simple food must be resolved first.

This is not even to mention the fact that, with yields increasing by 30% or more, less people in the country are left without foodstuff. Feeding people is more beneficial than preserving the environment at some point, and spurs development far more.

So what about later?

Can't think on an empty stomach

After the green revolution helps the country get onto its feet, the country will end up with an all-around stronger infrastructure. Industry is improved to support the growing agribusiness, the economy gets rolling, dams and roads are built to transport crops and provide power, and people quite simply aren't starving.

Once this occurs, the country will be much stronger. WIth this new power, it is far easier to tackle problems regarding health or the environment, and now with food as opposed to if the green revolution did not take place.

India: an example

Positive Effects

In india, a famine had wiped out nearly 4 million people in one year alone. This was in 1947. Then, the green revolution came. Cereals began to improve in output. By 1979, india was one of the leading producers and exporters of wheat in the world. While not self sufficient, the green revolution aided their economy and political power.

Wheat yield by hectare increased 30%, and in 1778 they exported 131 million tons of wheat.

Economic benefits included other countries being impressed by the effects of the green revolution, making india able to export workers and knowledge to them. The green revolution aided paying off national debts.


Infrastructure is increased as a side effect of the green revolution. To aide water needs, for example, dams were built to allow enough water for double cropping. These dams also provide hydroelectric power for the surrounding region and provide water.

Applicable

These same effects are applicable to near any country. The green revolution would push development in this way, aiding LDCs economically and politically, even if self sufficiency is not reached. After this new power is reached, the issues of the green revolution can be faced with a stronger nation to help.