Rio Grande River

Location

Starts in San Juan Mountains of Southwestern Colorado and flows south into New Mexico and Texas. Forms entire border between Texas and Mexico.

History

First explored by European explorers Cabeza de Vaca in 1536 and Coronado in 1540. These Spanish explorers named the river "Big River" translation Rio Grande. The Rio Grande became the border between Texas and Mexico in 1848 following the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

Important Facts

Dams

  • Elephant Butte - New Mexico
  • Caballo - New Mexico
  • American - Texas
  • International - Texas
  • Riverside - Texas
  • Amistad - Texas
  • Falcon - Texas

Uses

Human consumption, hydroelectric power, recreation and agriculture. Two million acres of farmland are irrigated along the Rio Grande. Leading crops are potatos, alfafa, cotton, onions, peppers.

Lakes

Lake Amistad is a man made lake.

Wildlife

Over 700 vertebrates

Ocelots

Ghost Face bats

Armadillos

Beavers

Bobcats

Mountain Lions

Eastern Moles

Peregrine Falcons

Osprey

Big image

Plants

Over 1,200 Plants

Cottonwoods

Aloe Vera

Thorn Crested Agave

Common Oleander

Lazy Daisy

Big image

Steven Armstrong

Rivers in Texas Project

October 10, 2015