Regents of the U of Cali v. Bakke

By Jeff Harbin

Background

Thirty-five-year-old Allan Bakke applied twice to the University of California's medical program and was denied both times.


It is also worth noting that out of the 100 admittance spots, sixteen are reserved for minority groups. To quote an article on the case, this included "Blacks, Chicanos, Asians, and American Indians".


Allan Bakke had better qualifications than most of the students admitted to this minority seat, and thus claimed that he was racially discriminated against because his seat was deferred to someone simply because they were a different race.

Argument

The argument that Allan Bakke used was that he was being racially discriminated against because he wasn't admitted to college on the sole basis of his race. He cited that Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits the denial of any individual on the basis of race from participation in any program receiving federal funding, and that this was a similar situation. He also cited Amendment 14 of the Constitution, the Equal Protection clause, which states that all people are equal under the law.

Conclusion

The court ruled that the decision based on race alone was unconstitutional; having 84 open spots for white students but a total of 100 open spots for the minorities is unfair. However, race is allowed to be a determining factor when deciding whether or not to admit students.
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