Age of Reform

Alyssa McKnight


Transcendentalism is a religious and philosophical movement that developed during the late 1820s and 30s in the Eastern region of the United States as a protest against the general state of spirituality and the state of intellectualism at Harvard University and the doctrine of the Unitarian church as taught at Harvard Divinity School.

Utopian Movement

The Utopian Movement was the idea of a perfect or ideal society. Cooperative living and the absence of private property characterized these communities.

Brook Farm Community

Brook Farm was a celebrated nineteenth-century New England utopian community, and was founded by a Unitarian minister George Ripley and other progressive Transcendentalist Unitarians. He said it was the "City of God, anew"
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Nathaniel Hawthorne

Nathaniel wrote famous romance novels such as the The Scarlet Letter, The House of the Seven Gables, The Blithedale Romance, and The Marble Fun. His writing is a style of purity. It is effective with different themes.
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Ralph Waldo Emerson

Ralph was a transcendentalist poet, philosopher, and essayist. in the 1830s Emerson gave lectures that he afterward published in essay form. These essays, particularly "Nature", embodied his newly developed philosophy. He encouraged American authors to find their own style instead of imitating their foreign predecessors. Kind of like utopia, with being unique and all your own style.
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Washington Irving

Irving achieved international fame for his fictional works, including the stories Rip Van Winkle and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, as well as for his biographies and historical writings. Irving served as the United States ambassador to Spain and helped to promote international copyright before his death in 1859.

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