Islam

Info about Islam

Turkey Islamic Music

Description of Islam

Islamic people are called Muslims. The 'Five Pillars' of Islam are the foundation of Muslim life: Faith or belief in the Oneness of God and the finality of the prophethood of Muhammad; Establishment of the daily prayers; Concern for and almsgiving to the needy; these are the central teachings or beliefs of Islam.The "five pillars" of Islam: In Islam, faith and good works go hand-in-hand. A mere verbal declaration of faith is not enough, for belief in Allah makes obedience to Him a duty.

•Testimony of faith (Kalima)
•Prayer (Salat)
•Almsgiving (Zakat)
•Fasting (Sawm)
•Pilgrimage (Hajj)

Basically, 5% of your earnings go to Charity, go to mecca once in your lifetime, pray 5 times a day, ect.

Source:

The Koran.

The Great Mosque of Kairouan, also called the Mosque of Uqba, in Tunisia, was built in 670 and is the oldest and most prestigious Islamic place of worship in North Africa.

Mullah

The term mullah -- often translated as cleric or lord -- denotes several forms of leadership in the Islamic faith. These leaders include kings and other monarchs, but the term mullah most commonly refers to religious leaders and teachers. Much like priests who study the Bible, mullahs study the Quran and help interpret its contents for the laity. They may lead congregants in prayer or recite the Quran during holy periods such as Ramadan, and they typically have some formal religious education.


Imam

The use of the term imam is one of the reasons for the split between Sunnite and Shiite Muslims. Sunnites applied the term to the fallible but morally outstanding religious leaders who succeeded Muhammad, while Shiites argued that an imam was infallible and had special religious insight and divine ordinance from the Islamic God, Allah. Subsequently, Sunnite imams became Islamic religious leaders who lead mosques in prayer much like priests leads churches.



Sheik

Arabic Muslims refer to venerable men older than 50 as sheiks, but this term is flexible and also refers to individuals who have memorized the entirety of the Quran. In both cases, the term sheik has religious connotations, and like priests, sheiks are often theologians who study and interpret holy scripture. They may also act as heads of religious communities, universities or villages.



Ulama

Ulama are Islamic scholars who understand both the practical and theological teachings of Islam. Like a priest, an ulama serves as a religious teacher, though he doesn't necessarily perform religious functions in a mosque. Ulama apply Islamic scripture to everyday problems and often work as lawyers, judges or professors in Islamic polities. Historically, ulama were powerful figures in states like the Ottoman Empire, but in modern times, the power of the ulama class has waned.


The Qur'an (Koran) is Islam's holy book, which Muslims believe was revealed by God to the Prophet Muhammad over 23 years. Qur'anic revelations are regarded by Muslims as the sacred word of God, intended to correct any errors in previous holy books such as the Old and New Testaments.There are two official holidays in Islam: Eid Al-Fitr and Eid Al-Adha. Eid Al-Fitr is celebrated at the end of Ramadan (a month of fasting), and Muslims usually give zakat (charity) on the occasion.

Saudi Arabia is the home of two of Islam's holy sanctuaries: Makkah the Blessed and Madinah the Radiant. The Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem, enclosing the place from which the Prophet Muhammad ascended to heaven, completes the trio of venerated shrines in the Islamic world.Abraham is common to all 3 religions. They all worship god.

Name and Class Period

Shrivatsa, Maria, and Daniel are in a team and we created this flyer. We have Ms. Trammel in 8th period World Cultures