My Washington D.C. Trip
By Daniel Mondelli
This 555-foot marble obelisk tower was built to honor the first president of the United States, George Washington. It looks over Washington, D.C. and is quite a sight to behold. The monument is made out of marble, granite, and sandstone and has two different colors. This is because when the monument was under construction in 1854, the Washington National Monument Society ran out of money and the project had to be postponed. After 25 years, the U.S. Government took over and completed the upper two-thirds of the structure by the time of 1884, using marble from a different quarry.
Lincoln and Jefferson Memorial
The Lincoln Memorial is a national monument that was created to built to honor the United States' 16th president, Abraham Lincoln. The construction of this monument began on Lincoln's birthday, February 12th, 1915. The monument's architect was Henry Bacon. The Lincoln Memorial was heavily Greek-inspired, including 36 columns and Lincoln's statue inside of a Greek temple-like structure. Daniel Chester French designed the statue of Lincoln, which was 99 feet in height in total, also the sculpture of the sitting Abraham Lincoln himself was 19 feet. He and carved it out of marble by the Piccirilli Brothers and Jules Guerin painted the murals on the interior of the monument.
The Jefferson memorial was designed by John Russell Pope in 1925 and resembles the Pantheon in Rome, which is the type of architecture that Thomas Jefferson favored himself. The monument is located in West Potomac Park by the Tidal Basin, a large body of water that is surrounded by the infamous cherry blossom trees in D.C. The memorial is meant to exhibit his various achievements in law, politics, science, language, meteorology, book collecting, architecture, farming, and diplomacy. The memorial was built in 1943 and still exemplifies Jefferson's ideals and accomplishments today. The walls of the memorial contain readings from some of Jefferson's many texts, expressing his ideas of religious freedom on one wall and the significance of adjusting laws to adapt to changing times on another. Possibly the most important text is on the southeast wall, which quotes the Declaration of Independence, "We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness".
Vietnam and World War II Memorial
The World War II Memorial honors the service of sixteen million members of the U.S military, the support of countless men in the homefront, and the sacrifice of 405,399 Americans. The granite, bronze, and water of the memorial complement the surrounding landscape of lawns, trees, and shrubbery. The memorial is an architectural wonder, consisting of Fifty-six granite columns, split between two half-circles encasing the Rainbow Pool and it's fountains, bronze ropes tying the columns together, bronze oak and wheat wreaths, Two 43-foot tall pavilions, and some hidden treasures such as the infamous "Kilroy was here " graffiti.
The American History and Holocaust Museum
The Holocaust Museum is a living memorial for the tragedy that was the Holocaust. The museum promotes human dignity, preventing genocide, and confronting hatred to ensure that nothing as catastrophic as the Holocaust could ever happen again. The main part of the building is designed to look similar to a concentration camp that people who fell victim to Hitler's mass genocide and weren't considered as part of his ideal, Aryan race were forced to endure through. The museum contains many permanent and temporary exhibits, such as Remeber the Children: Daniel's Story, an extensive research library and archives, two theaters, the Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies, a Children's Tile Wall, classrooms, the Hall of Witness, a memorial space, the Hall of Remembrance, and an education center. The Permanent Exhibition The Holocaust spans three floors of the Museum building and depicts the full history of the Holocaust through historical documents, artifacts, photographs, film footage, historical and personal photographs, oral and video histories, and more. My favorite part about this museum was the exhibit named "Remeber the Children: Daniel's Story". It told the tragic story of a Jewish child named Daniel who lived during the holocaust and shows how the Hitler was able to accomplish his hateful deeds. I also liked this display because it can be comprehended by children and adults alike, making sure that everyone can understand how much of a terrible act this was, and how it should never be forgotten.