World Religions Projects

By: Marisa Mahalik

Christianity

Major Beliefs

  • Only one God
  • God knows all things
  • God is creator of everything


Rituals

  • Being baptized
  • Study the Bible
  • To have a strong Faith
  • To only be Married once
  • Sunday services to pray


Important Details

  • Monotheistic
  • Bible


Holidays or events

  • Lent
  • Christmas
  • Easter


History

  • Jesus was baptized around the age of 30.
  • He had a vision where he gained the blessing of God.
  • After he ban teaching, healing and miracle working.
  • He spoke among many people but only chose 12 to teach privately
  • They believed he was the messiah
  • Years later the romans killed him
  • Jesus follower soon came to have the name Christians


Judaism

Major beliefs

  • focuses on relationships between Creator, mankind, and the land of Israel
  • Rambams 13 principles of faith


Rituals

  • Birth and naming ceremonies
  • Bar/Bat mitzvah
  • Death rituals
  • Mourning


Important Details

  • Monotheistic
  • Tanakh


Holidays or events

  • Rosh hashanah
  • Yom kippur
  • Passover


History

  • Origins began with Abraham and the Hebrews
  • God told Abraham to move to Canaan
  • The Hebrews were herdsman and farmers they were separated into tribes
  • Several tribes grouped together and came up with religious rituals

Hinduism

Major Beliefs

  • Reincarnation
  • Karma: which determines there life in this one and the next
  • Goal is to release all moksha from the cycle of rebirth


Rituals

  • Devotion takes place with sculptures and pictures of God
  • Meditation
  • Temple rituals


Important Details

  • Sacred text: Vedas, Upanishads, Sutras, Bhagavad Gita
  • Polytheism


Holidays or Events


History

  • Religion of the people in India
  • Has developed over 4,000 years
  • Dates back to before 2,000 BC


Islam

Major Beliefs

  • Six articles of faith
  • Resurrection


Rituals

  • Confessions of faith
  • Ritual prayer
  • Fasting during the month of Ramadan


Important Details

  • Qur'an is the sacred text
  • Monotheistic


Holidays or events

  • Ramadan
  • Hijra


History

  • Arabian peninsula was first known for nomadic people
  • People started to settle in 5th century BC in Mecca
  • There was a large shrine there
  • Mecca soon became a religious center


Buddhism

Major beliefs

  • understanding of human nature and ultimate reality.
  • Reincarnation


Rituals

  • Meditation
  • Prayer wheels

Important Details

  • Pali canon
  • They don't depend on having a god who created the universe, instead they focus on the way of life


Holidays or Events

  • Buddha's birthday
  • Buddha's enlightenment
  • lunar quarters


History

  • Lived in northern India around 5th century BCE
  • His disciple took over after his death and had people save 500 of Buddhas teachings
  • There were many more leaders that did amazing things