The Civil Rights Movement

Haley Bolsinger

What was the Civil Rights Movement?

The Civil Rights Movement was the national effort made by black people and their supporters in the 1950s and 1960s to eliminate segregation and gain equal rights. The Civil Rights Movement occurred in 1955-1968.

Earliest contribution to Civil Rights?

The earliest Organization of Civil Rights was the Underground Railroad. The conductor of the underground railroad was Harriet Tubman. Harriet made nineteen record trips to the south during this time period and also freed over 300 slaves.
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Groups Involved In The Civil Rights Movement

*The NAACP (The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People)*

This Group was founded to stop discrimination, segregation and racial violence.


*The SCLC (The Southern Christian Leadership Conference)*

This group brought many civil rights organizations together, and made them into one big organization. This group had "The three basic wants." 1) White americans to speak up for the black community 2) Black Americans were encourage to "Seek Justice and reject all injustice." 3) Everyone who was associated with the SCLC was to accept Non-Violence.


*The SNCC (The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee)*

This group was created by 4 African American College Students. They refused to leave a table at a sit-in restaurant, which created a large impact across the country.


*The MIA (The Montgomery Improvement Association)*

This group was made specifically for the desegregation of buses.

What was it like to be a African American during the Civil Rights Movement?

All African Americans were segregated and Discriminated. There were certain places for African Americans to sit on the bus, if a white man did not have a seat, then you were to move and give up your seat for them. There were different waiting rooms for white and black people. White people were always put before black people.

Rosa Parks Bus Boycott

Rosa Parks was a black woman who refused to give up her seat to a white man on December 1, 1955. She arranged the Bus Boycott. The Bus Boycott was accepted and bus segregation laws were proven unconstitutional.
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Civil Rights Acts

The Act of 1964 ended Segregation.


The Act of 1965 aimed to overcome legal barriers at state and local levels.


The Act of 1968 forbid discrimination concerning the sale, rental and financing of housing based on race, religion, national origin and sex.

Important Political Leaders

One of the first Civil Rights changes was when Abraham Lincoln abolished slavery in the south. President John F. Kennedy had over 70% of African Americans vote for him, they had high expectations for President JFK. President Kennedy was assassinated. President Lyndon Johnson ended up signing the Civil Rights Act. The Civil Rights act outlawed segregation in businesses.

Selma To Montgomery March

There were three marches from Selma to Montgomery. These three marches lead to the voting rights act. The voting rights act was to ensure that African Americans could vote.
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Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King was a African American Priest. He was non-violent protest to bring social change. He believed that African Americans couldn't win rights with violence. He also gave the "I Have a Dream" speech. King was assassinated on April 4, 1968.
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"I Have A Dream"

This speech was spoken by Martin Luther King Jr. Nearly 250,000 people came to the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. to listen to Martin Luther King Jr on August 28, 1963. All of those people were marching for civil rights.
Martin Luther King, Jr. I Have A Dream Speech

Today

African Americans and Whites are treated equally.
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Picture Citations

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Black and White Hand Shaking. Digital image. Interculturaltalk.org. N.p., n.d. Web.

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Harriet Tubman. Digital image. Http://iipdigital.usembassy.gov/st/english/inbrief/2012/01/201201300779.html#axzz3UmBgkW2L. N.p., n.d. Web.

JFK Official Portrait. Digital image. Http://www.jfklibrary.org/Asset-Viewer/oaPraRSbwEKIuJ2h-Bi2VA.aspx. N.p., n.d. Web.

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McWhorter, Diane. A Dream of Freedom: The Civil Rights Movement from 1954 to 1968. New York: Scholastic, 2004. Print.

Menand, Louis. "The Color of Law." N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2015.

Patterson, Charles. The Civil Rights Movement. New York: Facts on File, 1995. Print.

PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2015.

Rosa Parks Statue. Digital image. Www.ideastream.org. N.p., n.d. Web.

Selma to Montgomery March. Digital image. Http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/chronologyentry/1965_03_25/. N.p., n.d. Web.

United States President Election. Digital image. Http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_presidential_election,_1964. N.p., n.d. Web.