Organelles of a Cell

By Kira Taylor

Cell Membrane

  • It surrounds the cell
  • It checks what can come and go
  • It is only found in plants

Cell Wall

  • It is made up of sugars called cellouse
  • It protects the cell and helps the plant grow
  • It is also only found in plants

Cytoplasm

  • It's fluid that fills a cell
  • Cytoplasm keeps the cell cell working
  • It is found in both plant and animal cells

Nucleus

  • Single rounded ball surrounded by a double membrane
  • Contains DNA information and controls the cell's growth and reproduction
  • It is in both plant and animal cells

Nuclear Membrane

  • A double layered membrane that protects the nucleus
  • Seperates the nucleoplasm from the cytoplasm
  • It's found in both types of cell

Nucleolus

  • Another round structure located inside the nucleus
  • Makes Ribosomal groups from protein and ribosomal RNA
  • It overall helps make proteins
  • It is found in both type of cells

Centrioles

  • Group of small tubes arranged in a specific way in 9 groups
  • It helps the cell when it comes to division
  • It is found in both types of cell

Mitochondria

  • Small bodies that float and are made of 2 membranes
  • It takes nutrients breaks them down and creates enery from it earning it's name of the powerhouse of the cell
  • It is in both animal and plant cells

Chloroplast

  • Has 2 membranes
  • It works to do the process known as photosynthesis
  • It is only found in plant cells

Lysosomes

  • A vescile that holds many different enzymes
  • It helps digest food and helps break the cell down when it does
  • It is found mostly in animal cells

Peroxisomes

  • Small vesicles surrounding the cell with a 1 membrane that holds enzymes
  • It does many things like absorb nutrients like fatty acids, digest alcohol and attacking complex molecules and breaking them down
  • It is found in both plant and animal cells

Vacuole

  • A membrane that surrounds a fluid that holds nutrients or waste
  • They will be larger in plant cells because it holds the water or food
  • It stores food or any nutrients for the cell
  • It's in both plant and animal cells

Cytoskeleton

  • It's extremely versatile because it can lengthen and shorten very quickly
  • It controls the cell shape,movement in the cell and movement of the cells in the cell overall
  • It's in both plant and animal cells

Chromatin

  • DNA and proteins that shrink to turn to chromosomes
  • Chromatin fibers become chromosomes
  • It is in both types of cells

Ribosomes

  • Small bodies that float in cytoplasm
  • They make protein
  • They are in both animal and plant cells

Golgi apparatus

  • Group of membranes shaped like pancakes
  • They gather simple molecules & mergers them to make them complex
  • Also it's the place where the complex molecules are stored and charged
  • It is in both plant and animal cells

Endoplasmic reticulum

  • Tube like membranes connected to the nucleus
  • It has 2 parts a rough part called the "rough ER" and a smooth part called the "smooth ER"
  • It collects and builds proteins and lipids