The Country of Cuba

By: Corey Sparrow, Anderson Kim, Aj Johnson, Grant Falk

Significant Events of Cuba

1492 - Christopher Columbus claims Cuba for Spain.
1762 - Havana captured by British force.
1763 - Havana returned to Spain by Treaty of Paris.
1868 - 1878 - Ten Years War of Independence ends in truce with Spain.
1886 - Slavery abolished.
1895 - 1898 - Jose Marti leads a second war of independence; US declares war on Spain.
1898 - U.S. defeats Spain and claims Cuba as their own.
1902 - Cuba becomes independent with Tomas Estrada Palma.
1925 - Socialist Party founded, forming the basis of the communist party.
1953 - Fidel Castro leads an unsuccessful revolt against Batista.
1959 - Castro leads a 9,000-strong guerrilla army into Havana, forcing Batista to flee. Castro becomes prime minister, his brother, Raul, becomes his deputy and Guevara becomes third in command.
2006 - July - President Fidel Castro undergoes gastric surgery and temporarily hands over control of the government to his brother, Raul.
2008 - February - Raul Castro takes over as president, days after Fidel announces his retirement.
2012 - March - Pope Benedict visits, criticizing the US trade embargo on Cuba and calling for greater rights on the island.

Relationship and Relevance to the United States

Explaination:

The U.S and Cuba are not close in relation. The U.S has a trade embargo on Cuba. This means that the U.S cannot import,export,or trade any goods with Cuba. The trade embargo is mostly associated with President JFK. In 1962 President Kennedy added to the trade embargo by stating that nothing with Cuban materials can be imported into the United States. This is why Cuban cigars are illegal in the United States. Cuba has pretty much always been a dictatorship. This kind of upset the government officials because of how close Cuba is to the United States(90 miles away). We don't want their country to influence ours. Overall the United States doesn't have much interaction with Cuba compared to other countries. I wouldn't say The U.S and Cuba are enemies, but they keep their distance from each other

Current Government Leader

Raúl Castro was officially elected as President by the National Assembly on 24 February 2008, after Fidel Castro who at the time was the current dictator of Cuba. Raul Castro was first elected as First Secretary of Communist party on April 19, 2011 previously elected second secretary under his brother for 46 years. He was born on June 3, 1931. He served as a rebel commander in the 1950’s after his brother Fidel Castro. He was born from a Spanish immigrant father and a a Cuban mixed mother her name was Angel Castro. He had three brothers whose names where Ramón, Fidel, and Raúl.

Government Leaders

Government Leaders:
1. Tomas Estrada Palma
(Term Years: May 20, 1902 - September 28, 1906) 1 Term
2. Jose Miguel Gomez
(Term Years: January 28, 1909 - May 20, 1913) 1 Term
3. Mario Garcia Menocal
(Term Years: May 20, 1913 - May 20, 1921) 2 Terms
4. Alfredo Zayas y Alfonso
(Term Years: May 20, 1921 - May 20, 1925) 1 Term
5. Gerardo Machado
(Term Years: May 20, 1925 - August 24, 1933) 2 Terms
6. Ramon Grau
(Term Years: September 10, 1933 - January 15, 1934) 1 Term
7. Miguel Mariano Gomez
(Term Years: May 20, 1936 - December 24, 1936) 1 Term
8. Federico Laredo Bru
(Term Years: December 24, 1936 - October 10, 1940) 1 Term
9. Fulgencio Batista
(Term Years: October 10, 1940 - October 10, 1944) 1 Term
10. Ramon Grau
(Term Years: October 10, 1944 - October 10, 1948) 1 Term
11. Carlos Prio Socarras
(Term Years: October 10, 1948 - March 10, 1952) 1 Term
12. Fulgencio Batista
(Term Years: March 10, 1952 - January 1, 1959) 2 Terms
13. Manuel Urrutia
(Term Years: January 3, 1959 - July 18, 1959) 1 Term
14. Osvaldo Dorticos Torrado
(Term Years: July 18, 1959 - December 2, 1976) 3 Terms
15. Fidel Castro
(Term Years: December 2, 1976 - February 24, 2008) 8 Terms
16. Raul Castro
(Term Years: February 24, 2008 - Incumbent)