Canada in 2050

What will Canada's future look like?

Canada in 2050?

What will Canada be like in 2050? Where will I be and what will i be doing? Well really no one knows, but I have predicted many things that will happen to Canada economically from birth rates to aboriginals to push factors! Keep reading to find about the fascinating future Canada might have ahead.



Canada's current immigration systems consists of:
  • foreign born population of 6,775,800 people
  • they represent 20.6% of the total population
  • In 2006-2011, 1,162,900 people immigrated to canada
  • 17.2% of foreign population
  • 3.5% of total population in Canada

Immigrants mainly come from:

  • Asia (largest)
  • Africa
  • The Carribean
  • Central and South America

Immigrants mainly come to:

  • Ontario
  • British Columbia
  • Quebec
  • Alberta


Many immigrants come to Canada either because things in their home country are pushing them out or things in Canada are attracting them to come.

Push Factors:

  • War
  • Poor job opportunities
  • Poor living conditions
  • Lack of rights and freedoms

Pull Factors:

  • Health care
  • Education
  • Good job opportunities
  • Equality
  • Multicultural
  • Rights and freedoms


In the future I predict Canada's immigration will consist of:

  • Many job opportunities because of the retirement of the baby boomers which attracts immigrants looking for work
  • Canada might start to accept more than 250,00 immigrants a year because of the amount of people and job opportunities

First Nations


Current situation of First Nations:
  • 1,400,685 people have an aboriginal identity
  • They represent 4.3% of Canada's total population
  • Represented 3.8% in 2006, 3.3% in 2001 and 2.8% in 1996
  • Many more first nations are now in Canada compared to earlier years
  • The population increased by 232,385 or 20.1% between 2006 and 2011

Largest numbers of aboriginals live in:

  1. Ontario

  2. Western provinces (Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia)
  3. Aboriginals also make up the largest shares in Nunavut and Northwest Territories


  • According to 2011 statistics, 451,795 people were métis
  • 32.3% of aboriginal population
  • 1.4% of Canadian population


  • From the information gathered in 2011, 59,445 people were Inuit
  • 4.2% of aboriginal population
  • 1.2% of Canadian population
  • On June,11th, 2008 the government made an apology to the former students of residential schools because of the way they treated them with disrespect and the impact those schools had on aboriginal culture, heritage and languages. Today, aboriginal people have control of their education.
  • They also have been a part of the -Indian act which states that the Canadian federal law connects with Indian status, bands and reserves.
~royal proclamation act which allowed European settlement on first nations land.
~comprehensive claim-claim to first nations who have never signed treaties in the past and deals with their land ownerships, control of resources,hunting/fishing/trapping rights and financial compensations.


I believe that the future for these aboriginal people will continue to grow. They may lose their culture and customs, however they will not be treated as outsiders and will be accepted equally. they will still have ownership of their rights, careers and will be treated as any other citizen in Canada.



Current situations in Canada's demography:
  • The average fertility rate in Canada is 1.6.
  • The average fertility rate in 1959 was 3.9.
  • The fertility rate in Canada is currently low. About 50 years ago, many people had more than three kids. This was because people did not have better ways of birth control.
  • Today, many people have a choice of how many children they want because of better ways of birth control. Many simply cannot afford children. However, because of immigrants coming in to canada, it balances things out. Perhaps, in the future, people will not have children at all due to better birth control. Or they may have many because of job opportunities .In the past and still today, people in third world countries have replacement children, meaning they have a lot of children in case some of them don't survive.The children would die because of poor health care and living conditions
  • The median age of citizens in canada is 39 years
  • After world war II, the government wanted couples to have many babies to make up for the loss of the people that died during the war.
  • They also did not have some/ very little control over how many babies they could have because of poor birth control.
  • Middle age in Canada was considered as 40 years in 2012
  • Currently the death rate in Canada is 7.3 per 1,000 people. This is not very high as men and women can expect to live ages of
  • Women=83.6 years of age
  • Men= 79.2 years of age


  • Birth rate: low~~>family planning improved
  • Death Rate: slowly increasing~~> baby boomers die
  • Natural increase rate: stable,slowly increasing~~> as baby boomers die, there will be a drop in population, however families will still be made.

In the future, many people may have job opportunities because of the baby boomers dying out. Leading to more money for taxes and more employed adults.I believe that living conditions may worsen because of the pollution and global warming. This may cause third world countries to have dirty water and more deaths. However in canada, the deaths may not be caused of poor living conditions, but because of all the deaths of the baby boomers, the death rate and job opportunities will rise. Lastly, there may be a low birth rate because of the improved family planning in the future.


Irvin Studin: Canada, Population 100 Million


In the video, at 9:57, Steve tells us about the UN's estimated population in 2050 and it seems to be that all the third world countries are about 10 times the size of Canada's population in 2050. As I said before, the third world countries have replacement children causing their population to grow rapidly. Also in the video, Irvin tells Steve that in order to get Canada to 100 million it relies very heavily on immigration.I mentioned previously, Canada will have to accept more than 250,00 people a year in order to get such high numbers.



2050 by mimid123



In conclusion, I believe that Canada will have an amazing future in store. We will be very diverse with all the immigrants that come, we will still have our history and origin from the First Nations people, and we will somehow be able to get out of stage 5 on the demographic transition model. It might take a while and won't be perfect at first but this country is amazing and it will make us proud.


"Youth struggle in job market built for baby boomers"
the globe and mail (2012)
web. Dec. 27 2012

"Ontario Population Projections Update"

Ontario ministry of finance

"Death rate - crude (per 1;000 people) in Canada"
Trading Economics

“baby boom”

Historica Canada (2013)

Web. 08/07/13

“Canadians in Context - Population Size and Growth”

Employment and social development Canada (2014)

Web. March 20,2014

“Births and total fertility rate, by province and territory
(Fertility rate)”

Statistics Canada (2013)

Web.Mar, 19, 2013

“First Nations in Canada”

Government of Canada (2013)

Web. October 21, 2013

“Aboriginal Peoples in Canada: First Nations People, Métis and Inuit”

Statistics Canada (2014)

Web. Jan 14, 2014

“Push and Pull Factors”

O, Canada! (2011)

Web. May 5, 2011

“Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity in Canada”

Statistics Canada (2014)

Web. Jan 14, 2014

Thank you