Article One

The explanation and understanding

What does Article one say?

Article One states establishes the first of the three branches of the government, The legislature,section 1, establishes the name of the legislature to be the congress, a bicameral, or two part body

Qualifications of congress

The constitution Requires that U.S Senators must be at least 30 years of age, citizens of the United staters for at least nine years, and residents of the states forma witch they are elected. members of the House of representatives must be at least 25, citizens for seven years

The powers granted to them

Some of the more important powers specifically granted to Congress include the power to borrow money; to regulate commerce (Commerce Clause – see Chapter 2); to coin money; to establish Federal courts below the Supreme Court; to establish an Army and a Navy; to tax and spend (General Welfare Clause); to declare war; to “make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper” (Necessary and Proper Clause – see Subchapter 1). Except for the powers expressly granted in Article I, or a Constitutional amendment, or those therein implied, Congress cannot make any act.

The five rules of congress

1. Adhering to the House budget levels. The House passed a bill capping non-war discretionary spending at $1.019 trillion for fiscal year 2012–$30 billion below 2011 spending levels


2. putting back the “regular order” in Congress. Slowing down the massive omnibus spending bills that are typically rushed through the House and Senate will leave Members enough time to understand what they are voting on.


3. recommending on the House defense spending level. Repeated defense cuts risk further jeopardizing the readiness of the U.S. military, so lawmakers should insist on the levels agreed to in the House budget.


4. Swearing off ‘back-filling’ defense later. Many believe Congress may under-fund defense now and make up for it in a separate bill later, which would not be subject to the BCA’s limits.


5. Rejecting other gimmicks that lead to higher spending. A major loophole in the BCA spending cap excludes disaster funding.

How does a Bill become a law?

If a bill has passed in the both the us House of representatives and the us senate and has been a approved by the president or if the president veto has been overridden the bill becomes a law and is inforced by the government. But if the presidents veto wasn't overridden than the bill is sent back to the beginning of the chain until it is passed but it usually takes a very long time before it can be back at the top