Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia

Blood Disease Carlee Duggan Rachel Krevh Mackenzie Szachury

Lindsay Anemia

Let me introduce you to a young woman named Lindsay, who recently got in a car accident. She lost a lot of blood and had to receive several blood transfusions. Lindsay has a rare blood type, AB-, and it was hard to find the right blood to give to her. Unfortunately, the doctors gave her AB+ accidentally and Lindsay didn't feel right.
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Whats wrong, Miss Anemia?

"Well doctor, I slept for 10 hours last night and yet, I can't seem to find energy in my day. I drank coffee, tea and exercised this morning and I don't feel good. It was hard even driving here to the hospital... My toes are blue too which doesn't look too good."

"This doesn't sound good, and it seems as if you may have anemia, considering how tired you are feeling... Let's have you take a blood test."

After taking the blood tests, the results weren't looking too great. The test showed an increased destruction of red blood cells and an increased number of immature red blood cells. Also in the test, the doctor noticed increased amounts of antibodies that were attached to the blood cells; called direct anti-globulin.

"From these test results Lindsay, I'm diagnosing you with Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia."
Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia

Lindsay decided to go through some treatment...

First, her doctor put Lindsay on a high iron and high fiber diet.

Then she was put on a steroid medication, called prednisone. Unfortunately, these meds didn't seem to stop her red blood cells from destroying themselves so she went to plan B. The doctors considered two possible options, either treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) or a complete removal of her spleen. The doctors finally decided to remove her spleen because that is where red blood cells are destroyed.
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Lindsay now feels and looks 100x better! :)

Works Cited

Gersten, Todd. "Immune Hemolytic Anemia: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 24 Feb. 2014. Web. 09 Mar. 2015. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000576.htm

Lichtin, Alan E., MD. "Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia." MERCK MANUALS. Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., Sept. 2014. Web. Mar. 2015. http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/blood_disorders/anemia/autoimmune_hemolytic_anemia.html