Chapter 5

Socializing the Individual

Nature Versus Nurture

Some social scientists argue what determines personality and social behavior. Some believe its heredity- what you are born with- and others believe it's social environment- what you see and are around in the world-.

Isolation in Childhood

These Feral children (wild children) had little to no contact with other people, Little to no manners, and this gives some scientist reason to beliee our personality comes from our cultural environment.

Locke: The Tabula Rasa

John Lock, a philosopher from the 1600's said you could take a newly born infant and make them into any type of character. Locke said he could take a infant and shape that child's personality.

Cooley: The Looking-Glass Self

Charles Horton Cooley was one of the founders of the interactionist perspectives. The looking-glass self is his concept of a interactive process of how you think people see you and in return how you see yourself based on their reactions.

Looking-Glass Self

~First, we imagine how we appear to others.

~Second, based on their reactions to us, we attempt to determine whether others view us like we view ourselves

~Finally, we use our perceptions of how others judge us to develop feelings about ourselves.

Mead: Role- Taking

This American philosopher goes by the name George Herbert Mead. He developed ideas similar to Cooley's theories. Mead stated that under the age of three we lack a sense of self. We internalize with the people closest to us expect, than expand.

The Family

Family is the most important agent of socialization in almost every society. For children, it's primary importance is as the principle socializer of young children. So, if a parent tried to teach their child something important like walking, putting clothes on, ect. that's the intended. A parent could teach their kid something that they didn't even mean to like saying a bad word or even being impolite.

The Peer Group

Peer groups are made up of a group of individuals, usually around the same age's, and they are influential during the pre-teenage and early teenage years. Without peer acceptance, a lot of people are labeled as outsiders or even misfits. To be accepted, you have to be willingly able to adopt the values and standards of the peer group.

The School

School takes up a lot of our time right? Right. We, as in teens, spend some 30 weeks a year in school. This is why school plays a major role in socializing individuals. Classes are planned for deliberate teaching (Math, history, English, Spanish) and extracurricular activities (Clubs and dances) and athletic events (wrestling and football) are unintended teachings. Unintended socialization can happen inside of school when we idolize a teacher or we idolize another student.

The Mass Media

Mass media- communication that reach others without personal contact. Mass media's major forms are films, magazines, films, the internet, television, radio and or newspapers. Several studies show television violence encourages viewers to act in aggressive ways and to see aggression as a valid way to solve problems. Mass media can cause a lot of problems, but it can expand the viewers' world and can be a powerful educational tool in life.


Tim Hawkins on Homeschooling