The Executive Branch

By: James, Hour: 1M

The Vice President

The Vice President's main job is to be ready to fill the slot of presidency if the need arises. However, the Vice President is also the president of the senate and he will be the tiebreaker if a tie occurs.

Presdential Line of Succession

  • President
  • Vice President
  • Speaker of the House of Representatives
  • President Pro Tempore of the Senate
  • Secretary of the State
  • Secretary of the Treasury
  • Secretary of Defense
  • Attorney General
  • Secretary of the Interior
  • Secretary of Agriculture
  • Secretary of Commerce
  • Secretary of Labor
  • Secretary of Health and Human Services
  • Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
  • Secretary of Transportation
  • Secretary of Energy
  • Secretary of Education
  • Secretary of Veterans Affairs
  • Secretary of Homeland Security

Influence and Prominence

  • Nowadays Vice Presidents are a little more useful and prominent in the election process and government

  • In order to greater his chances to win, a president should pick a VP with someone of similar philosophies, ideas, and/or characteristics. That way, if the President cannot serve, the VP will continue on similarly to how the original president would have.

  • The job also now includes whatever duties the president hands over to the VP

What is the Presidential Cabinet?

It's a group of people who advise the President about certain aspects that portray to their department. The Cabinet is made up by the:

  • Secretary of Agriculture

  • Secretary of Commerce

  • Secretary of Defense

  • Secretary of Education

  • Secretary of Energy

  • Secretary of Health and Human Services

  • Secretary of Homeland security

  • Secretary of HOusing and Urban Development

  • Secretary of the Interior

  • Secretary of Labor

  • Secretary of State

  • Secretary of Transportation

  • Secretary of the Treasury

  • Secretary of Veterans Affairs

  • Attorney General (Department of Justice)

Office of Management and Budget

The office of management and budget's primary goal is to implement the president's vision across the executive branch. But in doing so they keep track of how things are running along and how much it will cost.

National Security Council - What is it?

The National Security Council informs the president about topics that relate to national security concerns, actions, and issues.

Who is a part of the NSC?

Well the NSC itself is lead by the President's National Security Advisor but it's made up by the following.
  • Secretary of State

  • Secretary of Defense

  • Secretary of the Treasury

  • Vice President

  • Head of the CIA

  • President's Chief of Staff

  • Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

Duties of Chief of Staff, Press Secretary, and White House Staff

Chief of Staff


  • The chief of staff heads all of the advisors. Not only that, but he also plans out an agenda for the Presidents and he decides many policies along side of the President.

Press Secretary

  • The press secretary acts like a puppet to the president - he is told what to say to the media by the President

White House Staff

  • The white house staff is composed of aids and advisors who help inform the President on all matters that relate to the nation.

The Federal Bureaucracy - A system consisting of roughly 500 departments that each perform specific duties that are given to them by the congressional legislation

Agencies within Cabinet Departments - Each one runs major areas of federal interest

  • The FBI, DEA, US Marshalls all deal with our nation's legal affairs
  • The Coast Guard, Marines, Navy, Army, and Air force all deal with protecting our country
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Independent Agencies - Run similar to normal companies, but report to the American Government

  • NASA- Explores Space
  • U.S Postal Service - Provides mail around the country
  • Peace corps - Helps people within and outside of the U.S.
  • FDIC - Insures the countries money
  • FEMA - Responds in the case of a disaster in the country
  • CIA - Spies on other countries to aid in protecting the country

Regulatory commissions - Seperate from political involvement, but overlook major, crucial industries

  • U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission - Ensures the safe use of radioactive materials while benefiting citizens
  • Federal Reserve - Our nation's banking system that regulates the economy
  • Federal Energy Regulatory Commission - Aids in providing energy sources to consumers at reasonable means.
  • Federal Communication Commission - Regualtes communications between consumers